This handbook on The European Population, 1850–1945, (as well as the future second volume covering the period since 1945) was planned as an extension of Chapter VI on Population and Families in the second volume of the earlier handbook State, Economy, and Society in Western Europe, 1815–1975, published by Peter Flora, Franz Kraus, and Winfried Pfenning in 1987. At the same time, however, it also became closely linked to the international research project ‘Family Change and Family Policies in the West’. This project, financed by the German Science Foundation, was initiated by Peter Flora at the Mannheim Centre for European Social Research (MZES) in the early 1990s and has since been directed by him in cooperation with Alfred Kahn and Sheila Kamerman from the Columbia University. The project covered the main Western and Central European countries: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The project also included some non-European countries: Canada, New Zealand, and the United States of America. Iceland, Ireland, and Luxemburg were not included from the beginning, nor were eastern and south-eastern European countries. The project will produce five volumes with standardized case studies for all project countries and two additional comparative volumes: one volume on family change and one on family policies. While the project focused mainly on family policy and used demographic, household, family, and employment structures as a baseline and framework for the national family policy profiles, it soon became clear that in the realm of demography and household and family statistics it could not fulfil the project requirements.
KeywordsMigration Manifold Europe Romania
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