became the focus for certain high ideals and expectations in the Victorian mind [and] was variously regarded as an agency for psychic renewal, as an antidote to the materialistic drives of the age, as a means of refining the crude middle-class philistines, and the even cruder masses, and as a means of creating a new sense of national identity and patriotic pride.
KeywordsInternational Student Language Teaching English Study Apply Linguistics English Language Teaching
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