Modernization of the State
Weber defines the state as a “compulsory political organization with continuous operation” that “successfully upholds the claim to the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force.” And he defines a hierocratic organization as “an organization which enforces its order through psychic coercion by distributing or denying religious benefits.”1 A church or any “system of spiritual domination,” therefore, would be defined as a hierocratic organization that “claims a monopoly of the legitimate use of hierocratic coercion.” In other words hierocracy or any system of clerical/spiritual domination is a structure of authority that successfully upholds the claim to the monopoly of the legitimate use of hierocratic coercion. Of course, “the means by which [the] claim to monopoly is upheld will vary from case to case.”2
KeywordsNational Sovereignty Iranian State Foreign Good Corrupt Official Legal Rationalization
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- 10.Said A. Arjomand, 1988, The Turban for the Crown: The Islamic Revolution in Iran, New York: Oxford University Press, p. 32.Google Scholar
- 11.Max Weber, 1978, Economy and Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, p. 846.Google Scholar
- 14.Janet Afary, 1996, The Iranian Constitutional Revolution, New York: Columbia University Press, p. 17Google Scholar