Khatami Era and the Green Movement
In 1997, 234 candidates registered for the Islamic Republic’s seventh presidential elections as the two-term President Rafsanjani’s tenure was coming to a close. The Guardian Council disqualified all but four candidates: Mohammad Khatami, Reza Zavvareii, Mohammad Reyshahri, and Ali Akbar Nategh Nuri. Of all the candidates, Khatami was known for his democratic views relative to the other three. He had been Rafsnajani’s Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance. Just five years earlier, Rafsanjani was pressured by the traditional conservatives to replace him with one with more conservative credentials, which he did. In his letter of resignation, Khatami complained about the conservatives and their inexplicable opposition to traditional Iranian music and even accused his opponents of disloyalty to Ayatollah Khomeini by declaring, “I have said before that opposing Imam [Khomeini]’s views begins with music but will not end there and may God never bring us to that day.” Thus, his approval by the Guardian Council was itself somewhat in question at first. The contender that was perceived by many to be the Leader’s “chosen” candidate was the conservative Nategh-Nouri who belonged to the Rohaniyyat-e Mobarez (SMC) faction and was also serving as Speaker of the Majles.
KeywordsCity Council Security Force Islamic Republic Green Movement Iranian Society
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- 24.Kasra Naji, Ahmadinejad, 2008, Los Angeles: University of California Press, p. 75.Google Scholar