Conclusion: It’s Complicated …

  • Helen J. Knowles
  • Steven B. Lichtman


Imagine that you are a politics professor (whose area of study focuses on law and courts) working at a private, small liberal arts college. You receive an unsolicited email from a member of Congress; using offensive language, that politician bitterly criticizes your work, implying that you are contributing to the “vast gay conspiracy” by failing to expose the US Supreme Court’s gay rights decisions for what they are, namely “moral abominations that are rapidly sending the country to hell in a hand basket.” Viewing the email as a rather pathetic piece of ideological screed, you post the text of it on your personal, private Facebook page (which is only viewable by your friends—twenty-five in total). You also mention that the politician’s words are proof that he is an “intolerant, homophobic nut-job who would benefit from doing what he did last weekend—namely to f*** his mother in a portable toilet.”


Free Speech Child Pornography Violent Video Game Chief Justice News Conference 
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Copyright information

© Helen J. Knowles and Steven B. Lichtman 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Helen J. Knowles
  • Steven B. Lichtman

There are no affiliations available

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