Advertisement

Art Crime pp 281-307 | Cite as

Nazi-Looted Art from Kyiv Destroyed in East Prussia — New Hope for More Survivors?

  • Patricia Kennedy Grimsted

Abstract

Wartime cultural plunder and restitution issues on the Eastern Front have still been understudied and are little understood in the West. The context of art looting and clamor for cultural restitution for Holocaust victims and their heirs in Central and Western Europe stands in blatant contrast to the occasional cry for restitution of a few newly discovered survivors from museum seizures in Soviet lands. Unlike the extensive private Jewish cultural losses in Western Europe, given Bolshevik nationalization and abolition of private property, Nazi loot from within pre-1939 Soviet borders was mainly from state institutions. The brutal Holocaust on the Eastern Front was not accompanied by the same private world-class art losses experienced by stricken victims in other parts of Europe. Yet as we are about to see in the case of art and icons destroyed from three Kyiv state museums, Nazi destruction of cultural heritage in the East could be even more brutal, indeed among the worst art crimes on the Continent. The cry for restitution of the few survivors of the ‘people’s’ cultural heritage may prove more difficult to accomplish. Furthermore, as our present case reveals, the long suppression of accurate information has sadly impeded the search for Ukrainian losses.

Keywords

National Archive Western Division Kaliningrad Oblast International Military Tribunal Soviet Authority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

  1. 10.
    Charney, Noah Stealing the Mystic Lamb: the True Story of the World’s Most Coveted Masterpiece (New York: PublicAffairs, 2010), p. 89.Google Scholar
  2. 30.
    Alexander Dallin (1981) German Rule in Russia, 1941–1945: A Study in Occupation Policies, 2nd edn (London: Macmillan), especially pp. 84–85, and pp. 123–151.Google Scholar
  3. 38.
    Olena Roslavets (2002), “Kyïvs’kyi muzei zakhidnoho i skhidnogo mystetstva u roky Velykoï vitchyznianoï viiny,” Khanenkivs’ki chytannia, no. 4 (2002), p. 89.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Patricia Kennedy Grimsted 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patricia Kennedy Grimsted

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations