Art Crime pp 240-254 | Cite as

Illicit Trafficking and Destruction of Cultural Property in Africa: A Continent at a Crossroads

  • George Abungu


The questions of plunder, theft, illicit traffic and destruction of cultural heritage in Africa continue unabated, despite the many attempts and calls, both locally and internationally, for the need to address the issue. A huge continent with diversity of peoples, languages and heritage resources Africa, as in the past decades, continue to bleed, as its heritage is ripped away for sale abroad, or destroyed at home, due to greed, ignorance, new emergent religious fundamentalism, internal conflicts or neglect.


Cultural Heritage Organize Crime Cultural Property Ivory Coast Transit Point 


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  1. 6.
    G.H.O. Abungu (2009), Theft and Splendour: Stealing of Heritage and the Response from Heritage organizations. Organized Crime in Art and Antiquities. Stefano Manacorda (ed). ISPAC, Milano, Italy.Google Scholar
  2. 49.
    G.H.O Abungu, “Examples from Kenya and Somalia,” in Trade in Illicit Antiquities: The Destruction of the World’s Archaeological Heritage, ed. Neil Brodie, Jennifer Doole and ColinRenfrew (McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, Cambridge 2001), pp. 37–46Google Scholar
  3. Abungu (2008); M. Udvardy, L. Giles, L., and J. Mitsanze. “The Transatlantic Trade in African Ancestors: Mijikenda Memorial Statues (Vigango) and the Ethics of Collecting and Curating Non-Western Cultural Property” American Anthropologist 105 2003: p. 3, pp. 566–580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

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© George Abungu 2016

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  • George Abungu

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