Creating National Heroes: Simón Bolívar and the Memories of the Spanish American Wars of Independence

  • Matthew Brown
Part of the War, Culture and Society, 1750–1850 book series (WCS)


In the half-century after 1826, when its Wars of Independence were largely concluded, Hispanic America struggled to recover from the economic dislocation and social upheaval of nearly two decades of intermittent warfare, which began in 1806 with the British invasions of Buenos Aires. The wars that ended up expelling Spanish colonial rule from the continental Americas (Cuba and Puerto Rico survived until 1898) ebbed and flowed, and were more intense and more destructive in some regions (in particular, Mexico and Venezuela) than others (what we now call Argentina escaped relatively lightly; and Brazil’s transition from Portuguese colonial rule to becoming an independent empire itself was so peaceful relatively that it is often considered a case apart, and for reasons of space is not considered here).1


Colonial Rule Latin American Study National Hero Political Enemy Latin American Politics 
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© Matthew Brown 2016

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  • Matthew Brown

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