Multiculturalism Policies and the Stepwise International Migration of Filipino Nurses: Implications for Japan

  • Maria Reinaruth D. Carlos
Open Access


As a result of globalization, labor migration and migrant integration are inevitable yet uncomfortable bedfellows. From the point of view of the host society, the entry of workers from another nationality or culture might solve a domestic labor shortage, but at the same time it will raise serious questions regarding how migrants can be integrated in the society. In what aspects of the community and to what extent will they be allowed to participate in the host society? Multiculturalism policies have been established as frameworks for integration; some have earned praise for their success in some migrant-receiving countries and endured criticisms in many other countries. This chapter presents the case of stepwise migrant nurses from the Philippines to provide one perspective on how multiculturalism policies becomes important predictor of the pattern of international labor migration.


Prefer Destination Foreign Worker Family Reunification Permanent Residency Migrant Integration 
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© Maria Reinaruth D. Carlos 2014

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  • Maria Reinaruth D. Carlos

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