On the morning of Wednesday, 19 April 1820, Major General Lachlan Macquarie, the governor of New South Wales, and his guest, Junior Captain Faddei Faddeyevich Bellingshausen of the Imperial Russian Navy, stepped out of Government House, a few metres from the south-east corner of Sydney Cove. The 41-year-old Bellingshausen was commander of a squadron of two ships ‘employed on a Voyage of Discovery to the South Pole’, as Macquarie expressed it in his journal (Macquarie, 1820: 11 April). The governor had invited Bellingshausen and his suite of officers to inspect the colony’s splendid new lighthouse, the Macquarie Tower, completed in 1818. The two men breakfasted together, and then took their seats in Macquarie’s carriage to drive out to South Head, one of the two promontories that form the entrance to Port Jackson harbour from the Pacific Ocean. It was a fine autumn day and the outing promised to be delightful (Two Seasons, 1: 250–1).


European History RUSSIAN Minister Tuesday Evening Head Road Copper Sleeve 
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© Rip Bulkeley 2014

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