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Mary between Voice and Voicelessness: The Latin Meditationes of Bernard de Rosier

  • Cédric Giraud
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)

Abstract

Mysticism is the domain in which language, confronted with the Absolute, tests its own limits. Following this idea, we might say that the Virgin Mary, as she is presented to us in Christian tradition, offers mysticism a paradigmatic figure.1 As mother to Jesus Christ, Mary finds herself, through the Incarnation, in one of human life’s most significant relationships—that of mother and child—with God himself. Yet the canonical Gospels remain largely taciturn regarding the physical and affective contact between Mary and her child, or the whole range of manifestations that relationship supposes. In the evangelical canon, Mary expresses herself verbally by means of fiat, uttering just a few words at Cana, and making only rare interventions during Jesus’s public ministry.2

Keywords

Meditative Practice Twelfth Century Christian Tradition Early Modern Period Direct Speech 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    On Mary during the Middle Ages, see Clelia Maria Piastra, ed., Gli studi di mariologia medievale: Bilancio storiografico, Atti del I Convegno Mariologico […] Parma 7–8 novembre 1997 (Florence: SISMEL—Edizioni del Galluzzo, 2001);Google Scholar
  2. Miri Rubin, Mother of God: A History of the Virgin Mary (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2009), 303–12;Google Scholar
  3. Marielle Lamy, “Marie toujours plus sainte,” in Structures et dynamiques religieuses dans les sociétés de l’Occident latin (1179–1449), ed. Marie Madeleine de Cevins and Jean-Michel Matz (Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 2010), 321–37.Google Scholar
  4. 2.
    On the Virgin Mary in the Bible, see Pierre Grelot, “Marie (Vierge), I. Ecriture sainte,” in Dictionnaire de spiritualité (Paris: Beauchesne, 1980), 10:409–23;Google Scholar
  5. and Mary Margaret Pazdan, “Mary, Mother of Jesus,” in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, ed. David Noel Freedman (New York: Doubleday, 1992), 4:584–86.Google Scholar
  6. 5.
    The most frequently cited of these apocryphal texts include the Liber de ortu beatae Mariae, ed. Jan Gijsel (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997);Google Scholar
  7. and Liber de nativitate sanctae Mariae, ed. Rita Beyers (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997).Google Scholar
  8. 7.
    Jean-François Cottier, Anima mea: Prières privées et textes de dévotion du Moyen Age latin (Turnhout: Brepols, 2001);CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. see also David S. Hogg, Anselm of Canterbury: The Beauty of Theology (Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2004);Google Scholar
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  11. 8.
    Christian Belin, La conversation intérieure: La méditation en France au XVIIe siècle (Paris: Honoré Champion, 2002).Google Scholar
  12. 9.
    Patrick Arabeyre, “Un prélat languedocien au milieu du XVe siècle: Bernard de Rosier, archevêque de Toulouse (1400–1475),” Journal des savants 3–4 (1990): 295–306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    Nicole Bériou, “Les sermons latins après 1200,” The Sermon, ed. Beverly M. Kienzle (Turnhout: Brepols, 2000), 389–90.Google Scholar
  14. 13.
    On this context, see Philippe Wolff and Marcel Durliat, “L’épreuve des temps (mi-XIVe—mi-XVe siècles),” in Histoire de Toulouse, ed. Philippe Wolff (Toulouse: Privat, 1988), 183–222.Google Scholar
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    On this context, see Marielle Lamy, L’Immaculée Conception: Etapes et enjeux d’une controverse au Moyen Age (XIIe–XVe siècles) (Paris: Institut d’études augustiniennes, 2000);Google Scholar
  16. 20.
    Citation from Irène Rosier-Catach, “Discussions médiévales sur l’expression des affects,” in Le Sujet des émotions au Moyen Age, ed. Piroska Nagy and Damien Boquet (Paris: Beauchesne, 2008), 208.Google Scholar
  17. 24.
    Alain Boureau, “La mise en scène du divin,” in L’Evénement sans fin: Récit et christianisme au Moyen Age (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1993), 39–54.Google Scholar
  18. 25.
    On the text as musical instrument, see Ineke van’t Spijker, Fictions of the Inner Life: Religious Literature and Formation of the Self in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004), 235–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 26.
    On the question of affective evolution in the meditative genre, see Jean Baruzi, Saint Jean de la Croix et le problème de l’expérience mystique (Paris: Salvator, 1999), 430–31;Google Scholar
  20. and François Trémolières, “Haine de la méditation? Notes sur les enjeux d’une querelle théologique,” Rivista di storia e letteratura religiosa 41.3 (2005): 539–40.Google Scholar
  21. 27.
    Sabrina Stroppa, “L’Ars meditandi nel Seicento mistico.” Rivista di storia e letteratura religiosa 41.3 (2005): 515–36.Google Scholar
  22. 28.
    Burcht Pranger, The Artificiality of Christianity: Essays on the Poetics of Monasticism (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003), 13.Google Scholar
  23. On this subject, see André Wilmart, Auteurs spirituels et textes dévots du Moyen Age latin: Etudes d’histoire littéraire (Paris: Etudes augustiniennes, 1971).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Irit Ruth Kleiman 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cédric Giraud

There are no affiliations available

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