Pre-Nazi Praxis: Imperial-Colonial Models
This chapter looks at earlier imperial-colonial projects which served as inspirational examples and models for the top Nazi leadership, especially German Führer Adolf Hitler and SS Chief Heinrich Himmler. In this chapter, I sketch the history and memory of four expansionist episodes which preceded and influenced Nazi-driven eastern German expansion during World War II: the Teutonic Knights (and the related Frederician project); American continental expansion in ‘the West’; German Colonial Africa (that is, German South-West Africa and German East Africa), and the World War I-era ‘German East’ (that is, the wartime Ober Ost military state and the post-war Freikorps Baltic adventure). Like Nazi racial imperialism, each of these episodes was based on conquest of new ‘living space’, ‘depopulation’ of the indigenous inhabitants, and ‘repopulation’ by settler colonists.
KeywordsWeimar Republic Indigenous Inhabitant Colonial Project German Farmer Colonial Archive
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