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Beyond Binaries: Strategies for a 21st-Century Gender Equality Agenda

  • Aruna Rao
  • Joanne Sandler

Abstract

Written ten years ago, Mukhopadhyay’s article, ‘Mainstreaming Gender or ‘Streaming’ Gender Away’, sits at a fascinating juncture in relation to feminist pathways for changing development institutions to advance cultures of equality. The debates about gender mainstreaming as a conceptual framework and as a strategy had significant resonance during the first ten years of the new century. Gender mainstreaming had been hailed as a strategy of choice at the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing held in 1995. Less than a decade later a slew of reports and meetings — from the Norway-sponsored meeting Strategies for Gender Equality: Is Mainstreaming a Dead End? (Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2002) to the metaevaluations undertaken by Norway and others,1 — contributed to the growing chorus of voices proclaiming the questionable uptake, cost-benefit or results that most large development agencies had experienced with gender mainstreaming. The lack of accountability for implementing policies and strategies, the millions of dollars invested in watered-down gender training, the growing networks of gender specialists struggling with each other and their institutions for a shrinking pie was constantly interrogated by, what Prugl calls, an ‘international cadre of gender experts who play a key role in translating feminist knowledge into policy applications … [becoming] instruments in the government of gender’ (Prugl 2010).

Keywords

Gender Equality Sexual Violence Security Council Gender Specialist Security Council Resolution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Aruna Rao and Joanne Sandler 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aruna Rao
  • Joanne Sandler

There are no affiliations available

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