Advertisement

Being and Knowing Differently in Living Worlds: Rooted Networks and Relational Webs in Indigenous Geographies

  • Padini Nirmal

Abstract

Dianne Rocheleau’s theory of rooted networks illuminates a discordant truth — despite the abstractions made central through centuries of Euromodernity, there continues to be a material interdependence between people, place and other entities that is fundamentally responsible for the building and continuation of what is often referred to as ‘living worlds’. Rocheleau reminds us that the worlds we inhabit are indeed alive (as living worlds of animate and inanimate beings), and that networks are not floating threads of connection but are in fact rooted in place and central to the livingness of worlds.

Keywords

Indigenous People Indigenous Knowledge Knowledge Politics Political Ecology Living World 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Agrawal, Arun (1995) Dismantling the Divide Between Indigenous and Scientific Knowledge. Development and Change, 26, 413–439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Agrawal, Arun (2002) Indigenous Knowledge and the Politics of Classification. Malden: UNESCO, 287–297.Google Scholar
  3. Agrawal, Arun (2005) Environmentality: Community, Intimate Government, and the Making of Environmental Subjects in Kumaon, India. Current Anthropology, 46(2), 161–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alfaisal, Haifa S. (2011) Indigenous Epistemology and the Decolonisation of Postcolonialism. Studies in Social and Political Thought, 19, 24–40. www.ssptjournal.wordpress.com.Google Scholar
  5. Arvin, Maile, Eve Tuck and Angie Morrill (2013) Decolonizing Feminism: Challenging Connections between Settler Colonialism and Heteropatriarchy. Feminist Formations, 25(1), 8–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bebbington, Anthony (1993) Modernization from Below: An Alternative Indigenous Development? Economic Geography, 69(3), 274–292. http://www.jstor.org/stable/143451.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bebbington, Anthony (1996) Movements, Modernizations, and Markets: Indigenous Organizations and Agrarian Studies in Ecuador, in Richard Peet and Michael Watts (eds) Liberation Ecologies: Environment, Development, Social Movements. London: Routledge, 86–109.Google Scholar
  8. Blaser, Mario (2009) The Threat of the Yrmo: The Political Ontology of a Sustainable Hunting Program. American Anthropologist, 111(1), 10–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blaser, Mario (2010) Storytelling Globalization from the Chaco and Beyond. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Buckles, Daniel, Rajeev Khedkar, Bansi Ghevde and Dhyaneshwar Patil (2013) Fighting Eviction: Tribal Land Rights and Research-in-Action. New Delhi: Cambridge University Press India.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cadena, Marison de la and Orin Starn (eds) (2007) Indigenous Experience Today. Oxford: Berg.Google Scholar
  12. Cajete, Gregory (2000) Native Science- Natural Laws of Interdependence. Santa Fe: Clear Light Publishers.Google Scholar
  13. Chanchani, Aditi, Kavita Kanan, Mamata Dash, Rosemary Viswanath, Sinduja Ananthkrishnan and Vidya Rangan (eds) (2007) This is Our Homeland: A Collection of Essays on the Betrayal of Adivasi Rights in India. Bangalore: EQUATIONS.Google Scholar
  14. Collins, Patricia Hill (2000) Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (Second ed.). New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  15. Coulthard, Glen (2010) Place Against Empire: Understanding Indigenous Anticolonialism. Affinities: A Journal of Radical Theory, Culture, and Action, 4(2), 79–83.Google Scholar
  16. Deleuze, GIlles and Felix Guattari (2005) A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  17. Deloria Jr., Vine (1994) God is Red: A Native View of Religion. Golden: Fulcrum Publishing.Google Scholar
  18. Doxtater, Michael G. (2004) Indigenous Knowledge in the Decolonial Era. American Indian Quarterly, 28(3/4), 618–633. http://www.jstor.org/stable/4138935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Driskill, Qwo-Li, Chris Finley, Brian Joseph Gilley and Scott Lauria Morgensen (eds) (2011) Queer Indigenous Studies: Critical Interventions in Theory, Politics, and Literature. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press.Google Scholar
  20. Escobar, Arturo (1998) Whose Knowledge, Whose Nature? Biodiversity, Conservation and the Political Ecology of Social Movements. Journal of Political Ecology, 5, 53–82.Google Scholar
  21. Escobar, Arturo (1999) After Nature: Steps to an Antiessentialist Political Ecology. Current Anthropology, 40(1), 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Escobar, Arturo (2001) Culture Sits in Places: Reflections on Globalism and Subaltern Strategies of Localization. Political Geography, 20(2), 139–174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Escobar, Arturo (2007) Actors, Networks, and New Knowledge Producers: Social Movements and the Paradigmatic Transition in the Sciences, in Boaventura de Sousa Santos (ed.) Cognitive Justice in a Global World- Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life. Lanham: Lexington Books, 273–294.Google Scholar
  24. Escobar, Arturo (2008) Territories of Difference: Place, Movements, Life, Redes. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fanon, Frantz (1963) The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press.Google Scholar
  26. Forsyth, Tim (2003) Critical Political Ecology: The Politics of Environmental Science. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Gibson-Graham, J. K. (1996) The End of Capitalism (As We Knew It): A Feminist Critique of Political Economy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  28. Goldman, Mara J., Paul Nadasdy and Matthew D. Turner (eds) (2011) Knowing Nature: Conversations at the Intersection of Political Ecology and Science Studies. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  29. Grim, John A. (2001) Indigenous Traditions and Ecology: The Interbeing of Cosmology and Community. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  30. Grosfoguel, Ramon (2007) The Epistemic Decolonial Turn: Beyond Political-Economy Paradigms. Cultural Studies, 21(2–3), 211–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Haraway, Donna (1988) Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective. Feminist Studies, 14(3), 575–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Haraway, Donna J. (1994) A Game of Cat’s Cradle: Science Studies, Feminist Theory, Cultural Studies. Configurations, 2(1), 59–71.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Haraway, Donna J. (2007) When Species Meet. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  34. Harding, Sandra (1986) The Science Question in Feminism. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  35. Harding, Sandra (1987) Feminism and Methodology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Harding, Sandra (1990) Feminism, Science, and the Anti-Enlightenment Critiques, in Linda J. Nicholson (ed.) Feminism/Postmodernism. New York: Routledge, 83–103.Google Scholar
  37. Ingold, Tim (2011) Being Alive: Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  38. Kapoor, Dip (2009) Adivasis (Original Dwellers) ‘in the way of’ State-Corporate Development: Development Dispossession and Learning in Social Action for Land and Forests in India. McGill Journal of Education, 44(1), 55–78. http://id.erudit.org/iderudit/037772ar.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. LaDuke, Winona (2002) The Winona LaDuke Reader: A Collection of Essential Writings. Stillwater: Voyageur Press, Inc.Google Scholar
  40. Llewelyn, Sophie (2007) A Neutral Feminist Observer? Observation-Based Research and the Politics of Feminist Knowledge Making. Gender and Development, 15(2), 299–310. http://www.jstor.org/stable/20461208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lugones, M. (2003) Peregrinajes/Pilgrimages: Theorizing Coalition Against Multiple Oppressions — New York: Rowman & Littlefield Press,Google Scholar
  42. Mahtani, Minelle (2006) Challenging the Ivory Tower: Proposing Anti-racist Geographies within the Academy. Gender, Place & Culture, 13(1), 21–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09663690500530909.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mignolo, Walter D. (2011) Epistemic Disobedience and the Decolonial Option: A Manifesto. Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World, 1(1), 44–66.Google Scholar
  44. Mol, Annemarie (2002) The Body Multiple: Ontology in Medical Practice. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Moorkoth, Meera Jensy (2012) Countering Hegemonic History: Understanding Adivasi Land Politics in Kerala. Southern Papers Series, CLASCO (ed.), 31.Google Scholar
  46. Munshi, Indra (ed.) (2012) The Adivasi Question: Issues of Land, Forest and Livelihood. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan.Google Scholar
  47. Nash, June C. (2001) Mayan Visions: The Quest for Autonomy in an Age of Globalization. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  48. Notes from Nowhere (2003) We are Everywhere: The Irresistible Rise of Global Anticapitalism. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  49. Padel, Felix and Samarendra Das (2007) Agya, What do You Mean by Development?, in Rakesh Kalshian (ed.) Caterpillar and the Mahua Flower: Tremors in India’s Mining Fields. New Delhi: Panos South Asia, 24–46.Google Scholar
  50. Prasad, M. K., M. P. Parameswaran, V. K. Damodaran, K. N. Nair Syamasundaran and K. P. Kannan (2009) The Silent Valley Hydro-Electric Project: A Techno-Economic and SocioPolitical Assessment. Thrissur: Kerala Sasthra Sahitya Parishad.Google Scholar
  51. Quijano, Anibal (2000) Coloniality of Power and Eurocentrism in Latin America. International Sociology, 15(2), 215–232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Rocheleau, Dianne (1995) Maps, Numbers, Text, and Context: Mixing Methods in Feminist Political Ecology. Professional Geographer, 47(4), 458–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rocheleau, Dianne (2001) Complex Communities and Relational Webs: Uncertainty, Surprise and Transformation in Machakos, IDS Bulletin, 32(4), 78–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Rocheleau, Dianne (2005) Listening to the Landscapes of Mama Tingo: From the ‘Woman Question’ in Sustainable Development to Feminist Political Ecology in Zambrana-Chacuey, Dominican Republic, in Lise Nelson and Joni Seager (eds) A Companion to Feminist Geography. Malden: Blackwell Publishing, 419–433.Google Scholar
  55. Rocheleau, Dianne and Laurie Ross (1995) Trees as Tools, Trees as Text: Struggles over Resources in Zambrana-Chacuey, Dominican Republic. Antipode, 27(4), 407–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Rocheleau, Dianne, Barbara Thomas-Slayter and Esther Wangari (eds) (1996) Feminist Political Ecology: Global Issues and Local Experiences. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  57. Rocheleau, Dianne E. (2008) Political Ecology in the Key of Policy: From Chains of Explanation to Webs of Relation. Geoforum, 39, 716–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Roy, Arundhati (2010) Walking with the Comrades. Outlook India. http://www.outlookindia.com/article.aspx?264738 (accessed 24 November 2015).
  59. Salmon, Enrique (2000) Kincentric Ecology: Indigenous Perceptions of the Human-Nature Relationship. Ecological Applications, 10(5), 1327–1332.Google Scholar
  60. Santos, Boaventura de Sousa (ed.) (2007) Cognitive Justice in a Global World: Prudent Knowledges for a Decent Life. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.Google Scholar
  61. Scott, James (2009) The Art of Not Being Governed: An Anarchist History of Upland Southeast Asia. New Haven: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  62. Shah, Alpa (2010) In the Shadows of the State: Indigenous Politics, Environmentalism, and Insurgency in Jharkand, India. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Shah, Mihir (3 April 2002) The Adivasi Question-II, The Hindu. http://hindu.com/2002/04/03/stories/2002040300291000.htm (accessed 24 November 2015).
  64. Shah, Mihir (2005) First You Push them in, then You Throw them Out. Economic and Political Weekly, 40(47), 4895–4899.Google Scholar
  65. Shaw, Wendy S., R. D. K. Herman and G. Rebecca Dobbs (2006) Encountering Indigeneity: Re-imagining and Decolonizing Geography. Sweden: Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography.Google Scholar
  66. Shiva, Vandana (1988) Staying Aliva: Women, Ecology and Development. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  67. Shiva, Vandana (2001) Protect or Plunder? Understanding Intellectual Property Rights. New York: Zed Press.Google Scholar
  68. Sium, Aman, Chandni Desai, and Eric Ritskes (2012) Towards the ‘tangible unknown’: Decolonization and the Indigenous Future. Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society, 1(1), i–xiii.Google Scholar
  69. Smith, Andrea (2010) Queer Theory and Native Studies: The Heteronormativity of Settler Colonialism. GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies, 16(1–2), 42–68.Google Scholar
  70. Smith, Linda Tuhiwai (2012) Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples (Second ed.). London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  71. Steur, Luisa (2011) Traveling Models of Indigenism and Kerala’s Emergent ‘adivasi’ Politics. Anthropological Notebooks, 17(2), 91–109.Google Scholar
  72. Sundberg, Juanita (2004) Identities in the Making: Conservation, Gender and Race in the Maya Biosphere Reserve, Guatemala. Gender, Place & Culture, 11(1), 43–66. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0966369042000188549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Sundberg, Juanita (2014) Decolonizing Posthumanist Geographies. Cultural Geographies, 21(1), 33–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Tamez, Margo (2010) Restoring Lipan Apache Women’s Laws, Lands, and Strength in El Calaboz Rancheria at the Texas-Mexico Border. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 35(31), 558–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Tuck. E. and K. Wayne Yang (2012) ‘Decolonization is not a metaphor’ Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 1(1), 1–4.Google Scholar
  76. Walia, H. (2012) Decolonizing together Moving beyond a politics of solidarity toward a practice of decolonization Briarpatch Magazine January 1. https://briarpatchmagazine.com/articles/view/decolonizing-together (accessed 24 November 2015).
  77. Walsh, Catherine (2012) ‘Other’ Knowledges, ‘Other’ Critiques: Reflections on the Politics and Practices of Philosophy and Decoloniality in the ‘Other’ America. Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World, 1(3), 11–27. http://escholarship.org/uc/item/6qd721cp.Google Scholar
  78. Whatmore, Sarah (2006) Materialist Returns: Practising Cultural Geography in and for a More-than-human World. Cultural Geographies, 13, 600–609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Padini Nirmal 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Padini Nirmal

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations