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Slovene Language after the Schengen Agreement: Will the Linguistic Borders Also Disappear?

  • Andrej Bekeš

Abstract

On 21 December 2007, I happened to drive to Vienna. The border crossing at Šentilj, which used to be one of the busiest in Slovenia, was empty, no cars queuing for inspection. Because of the early hour, it was still dark and there were no controls either side of the border. The feeling was eerie, and I did not dare to drive faster than 10km/h until I realized it was the day when the Schengen Agreement was implemented. The border controls that had been there for 89 years, since the end of World War I, were suddenly no more. The tensions, wasting of time, anxieties and humiliation, which at one time or another were all part of crossing the border, had disappeared. In a bigger country this would affect only people in the border regions, but in a small country like Slovenia the new regime affects the whole country. The next stage of integration into the European Union (EU) thus seems to be full of promise and hope.

Keywords

European Union Ethnic Identity Minority Language National Minority Linguistic Minority 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Appendix

  1. A sampling of international conventions signed by Italy, Austria, Hungary and Slovenia Austria State Treaty. Last accessed on 29 April 2015, at http://treaties.un.org/doc/Publication/UNTS/Volume%20347/v347.pdf. Not relevant for Italy and Hungary. Convention against Discrimination in Education. 429 U.N.T.S. 93, confirmed 14 December 1960, valid from 22 May 1962, (http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/p1cde.html,last accessed on 29 April 2015). Republic of Austria not a signatory.
  2. Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms amended by Protocol No. 11. ETS No.155, signed 4 November 1950, valid from 3 September 1953, (http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Treaties/Html/005.htm, last accessed on 29 April 2015). Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms amended. ETS No. 005, signed 4 November 1950, valid from 3 September 1953, 2007, (http://conven-tions.coe.int/Treaty/en/Treaties/Html/005.htm).
  3. Convention on the Rights of the Child. General Assembly resolution 44/25, confirmed 20 November 1989, valid from 2 September 1990, (https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATYandmtdsg_no=IV-11andchapter=4andlang=en, last accessed on 29 April 2015).Google Scholar
  4. Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious or Linguistic Minorities. General Assembly resolution 47/135, confirmed 18 December 1992, (http://www.un-documents.net/a47r135.htm,last accessed 29 April 2015).
  5. European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, Strasbourg, 5 November 1992, (http://conventions.coe.int/treaty/en/Treaties/Html/148.htm, last accessed 29 April 2015).
  6. ILO Convention Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Persons in Independent Countries. 72 ILO Official Bull. 59, confirmed 27 June 1989, valid 5 September1991, (http://www1.umn.edu/humanrts/instree/r1citp.htm,last accessed 29 April 2015). Republic of Austria not a signatory.
  7. International Convent on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination. General Assembly resolution 2106 (XX), confirmed 21 December 1965, valid from 4 January 1969, (http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/CERD.aspx, last accessed on 29 April 2015).
  8. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI), confirmed 16 December 1966, valid from 23 March 1976, (https://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATYandmtdsg_no=IV-4andchapter=4andlang=en, last accessed on 29 April 2015).Google Scholar
  9. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. General Assembly resolution 2200A (XXI), confirmed 16 December1966, valid from 3 January1976 (http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b36c0.html, last accessed on 29 April 2015).
  10. The Charter of the United Nations. Adopted 26 June 1945, valid from 24 October 1945, (https://treaties.un.org/doc/publication/ctc/uncharter.pdf /, last accessed on 29 April 2015).Google Scholar
  11. UN Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. 78 U.N.T.S. 277, confirmed 9 December 1948, valid from 12 January 1951, (http://www.hrweb.org/ legal/genocide.html, last accessed on 29 April 2015).
  12. Universal Declaration of Human Rights. General Assembly resolution 217 A (III), confirmed 10 December 1948, (http://www.un.org/Overview/rights.html, last accessed on 29 April 2015).

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