Afterword: The End of Exile: Toward a Global Eutopia

  • Mihai I. Spariosu
Part of the Modernism and … book series (MAND)


In Part III of this study, we have seen how several major literary works that were written during the modernist period actually question the main philosophical and political assumptions of Modernism and Postmodernism. Although they are products of the exilic-utopian imagination, they question its co-optation by the will to power, showing the need to emancipate it from this will and pointing to alternative values outside their immediate cultural context.


Science Fiction Intentional Community Walk Away Ancient Tradition Transition Initiative 
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  1. 1.
    For a full discussion of these issues, see Spariosu (2004), Global Intelligence and Human Development: Toward an Ecology of Global Learning. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, particularly Section III, Global Learning and Human Development, pp. 199–249.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    see Charles J. Erasmus (1985), In Search of the Common Good: Utopian Experiments Past and Future, New York: Free PressGoogle Scholar
  3. William James Metcalf, editor (1995), From Utopian Dreaming to Communal Reality: Cooperative Lifestyles in Australia, Sidney: UNSW PressGoogle Scholar
  4. Tobias Jones (2007), Utopian Dreams: In Search of a Good Life, London: Faber and Faber.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    For the main objectives and activities of this movement, see, for example, the website of Transition United States, at The US movement is largely based on the concepts of “deep ecology” and “natural capitalism” of such ecologists as Armory L. Lovins, Hunter Lovins, and Paul Hawken, for example in their book, Natural Capitalism: Creating the Next Industrial Revolution, Boston: Little, Brown, (1999), as well as on the work of British and other ecologists and urban planners such as Bill Mollison, Permaculture, a Designer’s Manual (1988), Stanley, Australia: Tagari PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  6. David Holmgren, Permaculture:Principles and Pathways beyond Sustainability (2003), Holmgren Design Services, London: CorgiGoogle Scholar
  7. David Fleming (2011), Lean Logic: A Dictionary of the Future and How to Survive It, Oxon: Court Farm House. For a discussion of some of these ecological issues, see Spariosu (2004), particularly Chapter 5, “Toward an Ecology of Ecology,” pp. 137–163.Google Scholar
  8. 5.
    Lucian of Samosata, “The Way to Write History,” in The Works of Lucian of Samosata, translated by Fowler, H. W. and F. G., Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1905.Google Scholar
  9. 6.
    Diogenes of Oinoanda, The Epicurean Inscriptions, Fr. 30, trans. Martin Ferguson Smith, Napoli: Bibliopolis, 1992.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Mihai I. Spariosu 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mihai I. Spariosu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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