Advertisement

Bringing Society to Law: A Critically Raced Accounting

  • Francisco Valdes
Part of the Palgrave Macmillan Socio-Legal Studies book series (PSLS)

Abstract

Critical race theory (CRT) originated in the late 1980s, emerging from the legal academy of the US in response to the continuing legacy of racial stratification and subordination in both cultural and material terms, even decades after the civil rights movements and the antidiscrimination laws of the 1960s. These origins were a response both to internal conditions of racial power and privilege within the legal academy and scholarship as well as to external conditions of social inequality and injustice based on racial subordination across society at large (Cho and Westley, 2002; Crenshaw, 2002). Since then, these two dimensions of social consciousness have framed ‘outsider’1 engagement with law, at the same time as inverting a traditional ‘law and society’ logic by bringing a particular understanding of society to law, thus informing the critically raced accounting of the ‘socio’ of socio-legal scholarship that is the subject of this chapter. It follows that this ‘socio-legal’ approach brings a distinctive understanding of the relationship between society and law that differs from other socio-legal approaches. This chapter reviews the development and distinctive contributions that CRT and Latina/o-crictical theory (LatCrit) scholarship have made to this relation, identifying ten key hallmarks that characterize this still young body of work.

Keywords

Knowledge Production Legal Scholarship Critical Race Theory Legal Knowledge Critical Legal Study 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, R J (2009) ‘From Imperial Scholar to Imperial Student: Minimizing Bias in Article Evaluation by Law Reviews’ 20 Hastings Women’s Law Journal 197–244Google Scholar
  2. Bell, D A Jr (1980) ‘Brown v. Board of Education and the Interest–Convergence Dilemma’ 93 Harvard Law Review 518–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bell, D A Jr (1990) ‘After We’re Gone: Prudent Speculations on America in a Post-Racial Epoch’ 34 St Louis University Law Journal 393–406Google Scholar
  4. Bender, S W and F Valdes (2011) ‘At and Beyond Fifteen: Mapping LatCrit Theory, Community, and Praxis’ 14 Harvard Latino Law Review 397–446Google Scholar
  5. Black, C (1992) ‘Buchanan Beckons Conservatives to Come “Home”’ Boston Globe, 18 August, p. 12Google Scholar
  6. Chang, R S and K Aoki (1998) ‘Centering the Immigrant in the Inter/National Imagination’ 85 California Law Review 1395–48/10 La Raza Law Journal 309–61Google Scholar
  7. Cho, S (2009) ‘Post-Racialism’ 94 Iowa Law Review 1589–650Google Scholar
  8. Cho, S and R Westley (2002) ‘Historicizing Critical Race Theory’s Cutting Edge: Key Movements that Performed the Theory’ in F Valdes, J Culp McCristal and A Harris (eds), Crossroads, Directions, and a New Critical Race Theory (Philadelphia PA: Temple University Press), pp. 32–70Google Scholar
  9. Crenshaw, K (1989) ‘Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics’ University of Chicago Legal Forum 139–68Google Scholar
  10. Crenshaw, K (1990) ‘Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Color’ 43 Stanford Law Review 1241–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Crenshaw, K (2002) ‘The First Decade: Critical Reflections, or “A Foot in the Closing Door”’, in F Valdes, J Culp McCristal and A Harris (eds), Crossroads, Directions, and a New Critical Race Theory (Philadelphia PA: Temple University Press), pp. 9–31Google Scholar
  12. Culp, J M, A P Harris and F Valdes (2003) ‘Subject Unrest’ 55 Stanford Law Review 2435–52Google Scholar
  13. Davis, A D (1999) ‘The Private Law of Race and Sex: An Antebellum Perspective’ 51 Stanford Law Review 221–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Delgado, R (1984) ‘Imperial Scholar: Reflections on a Review of Civil Rights Literature’ 132 University of Pennsylvania Law Review 561–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Delgado, R (1989) ‘Minority Law Professors’ Lives: The Bell–Delgado Survey’ 24 Harvard Civil Rights–Civil Liberties Law Review 349–92Google Scholar
  16. Dudziak, M (2000) Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy (Princeton NJ: Princeton University Press)Google Scholar
  17. Ely, J (1980) Democracy and Distrust: A Theory of Judicial Review (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press)Google Scholar
  18. Feldman, S M (2004) ‘The Transformation of an Academic Discipline: Law Professors in the Past and Future (or Toy Story Too)’ 54 Journal of Legal Education 471–98Google Scholar
  19. Freeman, A D (1978) ‘Legitimizing Racial Discrimination through Antidiscrimination Law: A Critical Review of Supreme Court Doctrine’ 62 Minnesota Law Review 1049–120Google Scholar
  20. Gómez, L E (2004) A Tale of Two Genres: On the Real and Ideal Links Between Law and Society and Critical Race Theory (Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing)Google Scholar
  21. Gómez, L E (2007) Manifest Destinies: The Making of the Mexican American Race (New York: New York University Press)Google Scholar
  22. Gómez, L E (2010) ‘Understanding Law and Race as Mutually Constitutive: An Invitation to Explore an Emerging Field’ 6 Annual Review of Law and Social Science 487–505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Gonzalez, C G (2006) ‘Deconstructing the Mythology of Free Trade: Critical Reflections on Comparative Advantage’ 17 Berkeley La Raza Law Journal 65–94Google Scholar
  24. Gordon, R (2000) ‘Critical Race Theory and International Law: Convergence and Divergence’ 45 Villanova Law Review 827–40Google Scholar
  25. Gotanda, N (1991) ‘A Critique of “Our Constitution is Color-Blind”’ 44 Stanford Law Review 1–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Infanti, A (2011) ‘Inequitable Administration: Documenting Family for Tax Purposes’ 22 Columbia Journal of Gender and Law 329–429Google Scholar
  27. Haney López, I F (1996) White by Law: The Legal Construction of Race (New York: New York University Press)Google Scholar
  28. Harris, A P (1990) ‘Race and Essentialism in Feminist Legal Theory’ 42 Stanford Law Review 581–616CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Harris, C I (1993) ‘Whiteness as Property’ 106 Harvard Law Review 1707–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Hernández-Truyol, B E (1991) ‘Building Bridges–Latinas and Latinos at the Crossroads: Realities, Rhetoric and Replacement’ 25 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 369–434Google Scholar
  31. Hernández-Truyol, B E (2005) ‘Globalized Citizenship: Sovereignty, Security and Soul’ 50 Villanova Law Review 1009–62Google Scholar
  32. Hernández-Truyol, B E, A P Harris and F Valdes (2006) ‘Beyond the First Decade: A Forward-Looking History of LatCrit Theory, Community and Praxis’ 26 Chicano-Latino Law Review 237–98Google Scholar
  33. Hutchinson, D (1997) ‘Out Yet Unseen: A Racial Critique of Gay and Lesbian Legal Theory and Political Discourse’ 29 Connecticut Law Review 561–646Google Scholar
  34. Jordan, M (1991) ‘The NLRB Racial Discrimination Decisions 1935–64: The Empiric Process of Administration and the Inner Eye of Racism’ 24 Connecticut Law Review 55–96Google Scholar
  35. Kang, J (2005) ‘Trojan Horses of Race’ 118 Harvard Law Review 1489–593Google Scholar
  36. Lawrence, C R (1987) ‘The Id, the Ego, and Equal Protection: Reckoning with Unconscious Racism’ 39 Stanford Law Review 317–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lawrence, C R (1995) ‘Race, Multiculturalism, and the Jurisprudence of Transformation’ 47 Stanford Law Review 819–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lawrence, C R (2001) ‘Two Views of the River: A Critique of the Liberal Defense of Affirmative Action’ 101 Columbia Law Review 928–[ii]Google Scholar
  39. Lopez, G (1992) Rebellious Lawyering: One Chicano’s Vision of Progressive Law Practice (Boulder CO: Westview Press)Google Scholar
  40. Llewellyn, K (1930) The Bramble Bush: On Our Law and its Study (New York: Oceana)Google Scholar
  41. MacKinnon, C A (1987) Feminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and Law (Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press)Google Scholar
  42. Mahmud, T (1999) ‘Colonialism and Modern Constructions of Race: A Preliminary Inquiry’ 53 University of Miami Law Review 1219Google Scholar
  43. Matsuda, M J (1987) ‘Looking to the Bottom: Critical Legal Studies and Reparations’ 22 Harvard Civil Rights–Civil Liberties Law Review 323–400Google Scholar
  44. Merritt, D J (2010) ‘Piercing the Brilliant Veil: Two Stories of American Racism’ 85 Indiana Law Journal 1255–60Google Scholar
  45. Montoya, M and F Valdes (2008) ‘ “Latinas/os” and Latina/o Legal Studies: A Critical Review of Legal Knowledge-Production Models’ 4 Florida International University Law Review 187–254Google Scholar
  46. Roithmayr, D (1997) ‘Deconstructing the Distinction between Bias and Merit’ 85 California Law Review 1449–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rubenfeld, J (2002) ‘The Anti-Antidiscrimination Agenda’ 111 Yale Law Journal 1141–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Symposium (1987) ‘Minority Critiques of the Critical Legal Studies Movement’ 22 Harvard Civil Rights–Civil Liberties Law Review 297Google Scholar
  49. Symposium (1989) ‘Legal Storytelling’ 87 Michigan Law Review 2073Google Scholar
  50. Symposium (2000) ‘Critical Race Theory and International Law’ 45 Villanova Law Review 827Google Scholar
  51. Symposium (2003) ‘Fiss’s Way: The Scholarship of Owen Fiss’ 58 University of Miami Law Review 1Google Scholar
  52. Symposium (2011) ‘Critical Race Theory: A Commemoration’ 43 Connecticut Law Review 1253Google Scholar
  53. Thomas, C (2000) ‘Globalization and the Reproduction of Hierarchy’ 33 University California Davis Law Review 1451–502Google Scholar
  54. Thomas, K (1992) ‘Rouge et Noir Reread: A Popular Constitutional History of the Angelo Herndon Case’ 65 Southern California Law Review 2599–704Google Scholar
  55. Valdes, F (1995) ‘Queers, Sissies, Dykes and Tomboys: Deconstructing the Conflation of “Sex,” “Gender” and “Sexual Orientation” in Euro-American Law and Society’ 83 California Law Review 1–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Valdes, F (2000) ‘Outsider Scholars, Legal Theory and OutCrit Perspectivity: Postsubordination Vision as Jurisprudential Method’ 49 DePaul Law Review 831–46Google Scholar
  57. Westley, R (1998) ‘Many Billions Gone: Is it Time to Reconsider the Case for Black Reparations?’ 40 Boston College Law Review 429–76Google Scholar
  58. Wildman, S (1984) ‘Legitimation of Sex Discrimination: A Critical Response to Supreme Court Jurisprudence’ 63 Oregon Law Review 265–308Google Scholar
  59. Wing, A K (2000) Global Critical Race Feminism (New York: New York University Press)Google Scholar
  60. Wing, A K (2003) Critical Race Feminism (New York: New York University Press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Francisco Valdes 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Valdes

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations