Choosing Voters: Redistricting and Re-Apportionment
If there is any electoral institution in the United States where the rules affect outcomes, it is in redistricting and reapportionment, yet it is one of the least understood parts of the electoral institution. The formal rules created in every state in the nation (each of the 50 states create districts in varying ways with varying laws) also affect citizen participation in electoral decisions. Citizen votes translate into public policy via representation at the federal, state, and local levels. Within states, congress members represent approximately equal numbers of individuals, but not between states.1 Within states, state houses and senates are typically divided into equally populated geographic districts.
KeywordsAmerican National Election Study Congressional District Electoral Institution Minority Representative Citizen Vote
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 5.See for example Pitkin, Hannah Fenichel. 1967. The Concept of Representation. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
- 6.Tokaji, Daniel P. 2008. “Representation and Raceblindness: The Story of Shaw v. Reno.” Chapter 14 in Rachel F. Moran and Devon W. Carbado (eds.), Race Law Stories. New York: Foundation Press.Google Scholar