The Panhellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) was the first left-wing party in Greek history to exercise power. Until 1981 Greece had been governed by parties of the right or the center. PASOK’s founder, Andreas Papandreou, formed his first single-majority government in October 1981, just seven years after the party’s foundation (September 1974). Analysts have claimed that PASOK was a mass party which was transformed into a cartel party, while its ideology, which initially was left populist, became social democratic in the 1990s (on the foundation and evolution of PASOK, see Lyrintzis, 1984; Spourdalakis, 1988; Sotiropoulos, 1996; Moschonas, 1999; Spourdalakis and Tassis, 2006).


National Election Coalition Government Party Member Party Organization Public Sector Union 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. European Commission (2011) Statistical Annex to the European Economy (Brussels: European Commission).Google Scholar
  2. Lafkas, M. (2011) ‘Meletontas to politico prosopiko 1996–2004’, unpublished Master’s thesis submitted to the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Athens.Google Scholar
  3. Lyrintzis, C. (1984) ‘Political Parties in Post-Junta Greece: A Case of Bureaucratic Clientelism’, West European Politics 7(6), 99–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Mavris, Y. (2004) ‘Oi Vouleftikes Ekloges tou 2004’, Fileleftheri Emphasi 18 (January–March), p. 15–32.Google Scholar
  5. Moschonas, G. (1999) ‘The Panhellenic Socialist Movement’ in R. Ladrech and P. Marliere (eds) Social Democratic Parties in the European Union (Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan), pp. 110–22.Google Scholar
  6. Moschonas, G. (2001) ‘The Path of Modernization: PASOK and European Integration’, Journal of Southern Europe and the Balkans 3(1), 11–24.Google Scholar
  7. Moschonas, G. and A. Pantazopoulos (2010) ‘Le PASOK et la reve brise de la Grece’, La Revue Socialiste 39(3), 37–45.Google Scholar
  8. Moschonas, G. and G. Papanagnou (2007) ‘Posséder une longeur d’avance sur la droite; Expliquer la durée gouvernementale du PSOE (1982–1996) et du PASOK (1981–2004)’, Pole Sud 27, 43–107.Google Scholar
  9. Pagoulatos, G. (2003) ‘Greece, the European Union and the 2003 Presidency’, Notre Europe, December 2003, http://www.notre-europe.eu/uploads/tx_publication/Etud21-en_02.pdf
  10. Pappas, T. S. (2009) To charismatiko komma: PASOK, Papandreou, exousia (Athens: Patakis).Google Scholar
  11. Simitis, C. (2005) Politike gia mia dimiourgiki Hellada 1996–2004 (Athens: Polis).Google Scholar
  12. Sotiropoulos, D. A. (1994) ‘Bureaucrats and Politicians: A Case Study of the Determinants of Perceptions of Conflict and Patronage in the Greek Bureaucracy under PASOK Rule, 1981–1989’, British Journal of Sociology 45(3), 349–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Sotiropoulos, D. A. (1996) Populism and Bureaucracy: Greece under PASOK Rule 1981–89 (London: University of Notre Dame Press).Google Scholar
  14. Sotiropoulos, D. A. (1999) ‘A Description of the Greek Higher Civil Service’, in E. C. Page and V. Wright (eds) Bureaucratic Elites in Western European States (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp. 1–31.Google Scholar
  15. Sotiropoulos, D. A. (2004) ‘The EU’s Impact on the Greek Welfare State’, Journal of European Social Policy, 14(3), 267–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Spourdalakis, M. (1988) The Rise of the Greek Socialist Party (London and New York: Routledge).Google Scholar
  17. Spourdalakis, M. and Tassis, C. (2006) ‘Party Change in Greece and the Vanguard Role of PASOK’, South European Society and Politics 11(3–4), 497–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tassis, C. (2006) ‘The 7th Congress of PASOK (2005): Towards an “Open” Party(?)’ unpublished paper presented in the annual conference of UK’s Political Science Association.Google Scholar
  19. Vernardakis, C. (2004) ‘He hidrysi, he exelixi kai he metexelixi tou PASOK’ in C. Vernardakis, I. Georgantas, D. Gravaris and D. Kotrogiannos (eds) Trianta xronia democratia (Athens: Kritiki), pp. 154–75.Google Scholar
  20. Vernardakis, C. (2011) Politica kommata, ekloges kai politico systema: oi metaschematismoi tis politikis antiprosopefsis 1990–2010 (Athens: Sakkoulas editions).Google Scholar
  21. Vernardakis, C. (2012), ‘Oi ekloges tis 17 Iouniou 2012 kai oi nees tomes sto kommatiko systema’, He Avgi newspaper, June 24, 2012.Google Scholar
  22. Verney, S. (1996) ‘The Greek Socialists’ in J. Gaffney (ed.) Political Parties and the European Union (London and New York: Routledge), pp. 170–88.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitri A. Sotiropoulos

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations