The history of social democracy in Estonia dates back to the early years of the 20th century, when the first social democratic ideas reached Estonia from Germany and Russia. The year 1905 is largely considered the birth year of the first social democratic party in Estonia, with the founding by Peeter Speek and Eduard Vilde of the Estonian Social Democratic Workers Association (Eesti Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Tööliste Ühendus — ESDTÜ). After the 1905 Revolution in Czarist Russia, all political parties in Estonia suffered repression, and the social democrats, too, went underground.


Audit Committee General Assembly Party Leader Social Democracy Electoral College 
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  1. Johansson, K. M. (2008) ‘External Legitimization and Standardization of National Political Parties: the Case of Estonian Social Democracy’, Journal of Baltic Studies XXXIX, 157–83.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Toomla, R. (2011) Eesti erakonnad 2000–2010 (Tartu: Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus).Google Scholar

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© Vello Pettai and Juhan Saharov 2013

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  • Vello Pettai
  • Juhan Saharov

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