The Polish Parliament and EU Affairs
The first steps undertaken to normalize relations between Poland and the then European Economic Community (EEC) were made at the beginning of Poland’s political transformation. Diplomatic relations were established in September 1988 and, as a result, the Polish Delegation to the EEC opened in Brussels in July 1989. An Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation was signed between Poland and the EEC on 19 September 1989, removing the most significant barriers to economic cooperation. A major breakthrough was only made after the formation of the government of Tadeusz Mazowiecki in September 1989, with Krzysztof Skubiszewski as Minister of Foreign Affairs. One of the main objectives of that government was a reorientation of Polish foreign policy, and Poland’s membership of the EEC (Skubiszewski, 1997).1 This intention was expressed during negotiations on an Association Agreement, which was signed on 16 December 1991 and entered into force on 1 February 1994. An Interim Agreement had liberalized trade in March 1992. This agreement created an Association Council, an Association Committee and an Association Parliamentary Committee. The Agreement and its institutions played an important role in the adaptation of Polish law to the standards of the European Union (EU). Poland submitted its application for membership of the EU on 8 April 1994. The EU’s positive attitude to enlargement meant that the offices and structures to carry out accession negotiations and ensure the adjustment of Polish law and the economy to the requirements of the internal market were created in Poland. These institutions to a large extent coordinated the accession negotiations and the adjustment process.
KeywordsEuropean Union European Economic Community European Parliament National Parliament Lisbon Treaty
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- 2.Rymarz, F. (ed.) (2003) Referendum ogólnokrajowe w sprawie przystąpienia Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej do Unii Europejskiej — 8 czerwca 2003 r. Wybrane dokumenty (A nationwide referendum on the accession of the Polish to the European Union, 8 June 2003: selected documents), Warsaw: Krajowe Biuro Wyborcze.Google Scholar