The Swedish Parliament and EU Affairs: From Reluctant Player to Europeanized Actor

  • Hans Hegeland


Sweden became a member of the European Union (EU) in 1995. In a referendum in November 1994, 52.3 per cent voted in favour of accession on a turnout of 83.3 per cent. In a 2003 referendum on whether to introduce the euro to Sweden, however, 55.9 per cent voted against, with a turnout of 82.6 per cent. This sceptical attitude to the euro remains. Opinion polls in 2011 showed that only 11–12 per cent of Swedes were in favour of joining the euro (Holmberg, 2012, pp. 485, 494, fn. 7).


European Union Green Paper National Parliament European Union Level Lisbon Treaty 


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© Hans Hegeland 2015

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  • Hans Hegeland

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