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The Portuguese Parliament and EU Affairs: From Inert to Agile Democratic Control

  • Davor Jančić

Abstract

The constitutional history of Portugal in the 20th century is marked by struggles to establish a democratic regime. Democracy only arrived in Portugal after the unstable First Republic (1910–1926), the National Dictatorship (1926–1933) and the autocratic Second Republic (1933–1976) led by Prime Minister António Salazar, a former economics professor at Coimbra University and finance minister. Salazar’s regime, which he dubbed the New State (Estado Novo), was a negation of democratic participation. All political parties except for Salazar’s National Union were banned and the system was ‘militantly antiparliamentary’ (Miranda, 1997). Salazar’s successor, Marcelo Caetano, a former law professor at the University of Lisbon, was unable to halt the regime’s downfall. The mounting resentment culminated on 25 April 1974, when the Armed Forces Movement carried out a peaceful coup d’état known as the Revolution of Carnations (Revoluçào dos Cravos) (De Lucena, 2002). The decades-long personal dictatorship ended in 1976 with the adoption of the current Portuguese Constitution. The consequent birth of the Third Republic resulted in the resurrection of a representative body — the Assembly of the Republic (Opello, 1978).

Keywords

European Union National Parliament European Union Level Lisbon Treaty European Union Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Davor Jančić 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Davor Jančić

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