Toys Made in China, but Designed in…?

  • Hari Bapuji


The previous chapters have highlighted the fact that toy recalls have been increasing over time, particularly for those made in China. The latter increase, however, is congruent with the corresponding rise in imports from China. Contrary to speculations that these recalls are occurring due to cost pressures, the data show that, in the recent past, recalls of high-priced toys have increased faster than recalls of low-priced toys, particularly for toys made in China. If low-priced toy recalls had increased, that would have been a reasonable indication of Chinese manufacturers compromising on quality. However, the absence of an increase in low-priced toy recalls does not clearly establish that there are no cost pressures. It is possible that, within Chinese manufacturing as a whole, problems may exist that simply affect products across the price spectrum. One way to examine this is to study whether the recalls occurred mainly due to poor manufacturing practices in general.


Supply Chain Design Flaw Global Supply Chain Surface Paint Manufacturing Flaw 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G.M. Grossman and E. Rossi-Hansberg, E., “The rise of Offshoring: It’s Not Wine for Cloth Anymore,” Proceedings of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, 2006, 59–102.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    P. Guinaudeau, “Toy Markets in the World,” NPD Group, 2009 Edition, Australia.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D. Barboza, “China Bars Two Companies From Exporting Toys,” New York Times, August, 10, 2007, sec=&spon=.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Ferman, Toy Industry Outlook 2009, report prepared for the U.S. Department of Commerce, March 4, 2009, Scholar
  5. 11.
    CPSC, “CPSC Saves Lives Through Voluntary Efforts and Oversight: Making Hair Dryers Safer,” May 5, 1996, Scholar
  6. 12.
    CPSC, “Hair Dryers Recalled by Vintage International Due to Electrocution Hazard,” June 3, 2009, Scholar
  7. CPSC, “Hair Dryers Recalled by Universalink International Trading Due to Electrocution Hazard,” April 29, 2009, Scholar
  8. CPSC, “Hair Dryers Recalled By Big Lots Stores, Inc. Due to Electrocution Hazard,” March 11, 2009, All three recalls were issued by three importing companies in the United States. These hair dryers were made in China, Thailand, and Taiwan.Google Scholar
  9. 13.
    CPSC, “Dive Sticks,” Code of Federal Regulations, Vol. 16, part 1500, March 7, 2001, Scholar
  10. CPSC, “Swim ‘N Score Dive Sticks Recalled by Modell’s Due to Risk of Impalement Injury to Children,” November 13, 2008, html.Google Scholar
  11. 14.
    CPSC, “Maclaren USA Recalls to Repair Strollers Following Fingertip Amputations,” November 9, 2009, Scholar
  12. 15.
    CPSC, “Graco Recalls Strollers Due to Fingertip Amputation and Laceration Hazards,” January 20, 2010, Scholar
  13. CPSC, “Regal Lager Announces Recall to Repair CYBEX Strollers; Risk of Fingertip Amputation and Laceration Hazards,” January 27, 2010, Scholar
  14. CPSC, “Britax Recalls Strollers Due to Risk of Fingertip Amputations and Lacerations,” February 10, 2010, Scholar
  15. 16.
    CPSC, “CPSC, Pokhhémon USA Announce Recall of Pokémon Plush Toys,” July 8, 2005, Scholar
  16. 17.
    CPSC, “Fisher-Price Recalls Learning Pots and Pans™ Toys Due to Choking Hazard,” August 7, 2008, Scholar
  17. 18.
    CPSC, “Playskool Voluntarily Recalls Toy Tool Benches after the Death of Two Toddlers,” September 22, 2006, Scholar
  18. 19.
    CPSC, “CPSC, Toys”R”Us Announce Recall of Children’s Soap Craft Set,” December 24, 1997, Scholar
  19. 20.
    CPSC, “Aqua-Leisure Industries Recalls Inflatable Pool Ladders for Fall Hazard,” May 17, 2006, and Scholar
  20. 21.
    CPSC, “GE Recalls to Inspect and Repair Wall Ovens Due to Fire and Burn Hazards,” November 18, 2008, and General Electric, “GE Wall Oven—November 2008 Recall,” Scholar
  21. 23.
    CPSC, “CPSC Announces Recalls Of Imported Crayons Because Of Lead Poisoning Hazard,” April 5, 1994, Scholar
  22. 24.
    J. Crow, “Why Use Lead in Paint?” report for the Royal Society of Chemistry, August 21, 2007, Scholar
  23. 25.
    T. Gruca, “MN Child Dies Of Lead Poisoning; Bracelet Blamed,” CBS, March 23, 2006, Minneapolis.lead.2.356513.html. Following the death of Jarnell Brown, the CPSC and Reebok recalled 300,000 units of the jewelry distributed by Reebok with its shoes.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Hari Bapuji 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hari Bapuji

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations