Scope and Trends of Volunteering and Associations

  • David H. Smith
  • Brent Never
  • Lars Torpe
  • Samir Abu-Rumman
  • Amer K. Afaq
  • Steffen Bethmann
  • Karin Gavelin
  • Jan H. Heitman
  • Trishna Jaishi
  • Ambalika D. Kutty
  • Jacob Mwathi Mati
  • Yevgenya J. Paturyan
  • Rumen G. Petrov
  • Tereza Pospíšilová
  • Lars Svedberg


This chapter has two themes: (1) the scope of formal and informal volunteering and of nonprofit, voluntary, membership associations (MAs) in the world, by which we mean the quantitative magnitudes of these phenomena at or near the present time, and (2) the long-term and recent (past few decades) trends in these magnitudes. Global data are used, when available, but we also report data for world regions and for specific nations when feasible. Besides such data, we also report on estimated magnitudes of association wealth and income, the economic value of volunteering, internal structures and processes of associations, participation rates in associations, and issues regarding computer mapping of data such as that presented in this chapter. Usable knowledge, future trends, and needed research are discussed.


Social Capital Civil Society Gross Domestic Product American Sociological Review Voluntary Organization 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • David H. Smith
    • 1
  • Brent Never
    • 2
  • Lars Torpe
    • 3
  • Samir Abu-Rumman
    • 4
  • Amer K. Afaq
    • 5
  • Steffen Bethmann
    • 6
  • Karin Gavelin
    • 7
  • Jan H. Heitman
    • 8
  • Trishna Jaishi
    • 9
  • Ambalika D. Kutty
    • 10
  • Jacob Mwathi Mati
    • 11
  • Yevgenya J. Paturyan
    • 12
  • Rumen G. Petrov
    • 13
  • Tereza Pospíšilová
    • 14
  • Lars Svedberg
    • 15
  1. 1.USA
  2. 2.USA
  3. 3.Denmark
  4. 4.Jordan
  5. 5.Pakistan
  6. 6.Switzerland
  7. 7.Sweden
  8. 8.Norway
  9. 9.Bhutan
  10. 10.Fiji
  11. 11.Kenya
  12. 12.Armenia
  13. 13.Bulgaria
  14. 14.Czech Republic
  15. 15.Sweden

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