English pp 178-192 | Cite as

English, Pidgins and Creoles

  • Jan Svartvik
  • Geoffrey Leech


This chapter has two themes: first, the English language in the Caribbean, and second, the English-based creole languages on the islands of the West Indies and elsewhere in the world. These themes are closely related: although English-based creoles are widely spread across the tropical or subtropical parts of the world, they are concentrated most densely in the Caribbean, and their historical development cannot be better exemplified than by Jamaican creole in that region. The first question to answer is: ‘What is a creole?’ But before that, here is a little Caribbean history (Figure 9.1).


Slave Trade African Language Grammatical Feature Unstressed Syllable Separate Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Svartvik
    • 1
  • Geoffrey Leech
    • 2
  1. 1.Lund UniversitySweden
  2. 2.Lancaster UniversityUK

Personalised recommendations