Are They Not Like Us? The Carolingian Fisc in Military Perspective

  • Bernard S. Bachrach
Part of the The New Middle Ages book series (TNMA)


It is now well established that beginning in the eighth century, the economy, that is, the production of goods and services, in Gaul began a process of robust expansion that was accompanied by significant demographic growth.1 These developments provided immense potential for Charlemagne (d. 814), his father Pippin (d. 768), and his grandfather Charles Martel (d. 741) to sustain a long-term strategy of territorial conquest.2 A substantial part ofthe surplus wealth produced by the Carolingian economy was available to the royal government and especially to the army.3 The vindication of royal rights depended, however, in large part, on the willingness of subjects to obey the law, and the capacity of the government to encourage, if not coerce, obedience.4


Central Government Administrative Center Royal Court Paper Trail Draft Horse 
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© Celia Chazelle and Felice Lifshitz 2007

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  • Bernard S. Bachrach

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