Epilogue and Conclusions

  • George B. N. Ayittey


This book owes no one any apology. Africa is a mess—economically, politically, and socially. Despite Africa’s vast natural resources, its people remain mired in the deadly grip of poverty, squalor, and destitution while buffeted by environmental degradation and brutal tyranny. Most Africans are worse off today than they were at independence in the 1960s. African leaders have failed Africa. African politicians have failed. African intellectuals have failed Africa, too. The failure is monumental and the international community is fed up with incessant African begging.


Global Economy Money Supply Ivory Coast African Government Banana Peel 
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Copyright information

© George B. N. Ayittey 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • George B. N. Ayittey
    • 1
  1. 1.USA

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