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1898: Narcissism and Melancholy

  • Enrico Mario Santí
Part of the New Directions in Latino American Cultures book series (NDLAC)

Abstract

What does a postcolonial reading tell us about the Spanish Generation of 1898? The question seems worth asking, and not just because of the growing importance of postcolonialism as a theoretical grid. Particularly surprising is that the question has never, to my knowledge, been asked within the history of the Generation of 1898 reception, even a full century after the é:sastre, so-called by Spanish historiography to describe the Spanish defeat in the Spanish American War. We know by now that one of the things postcolonial readings show is the ways a dominant metropolis determines the production of peripheral texts and cultures. It would seem just as logical, then, that those readings should encompass as well the determining modes of metropolitan behavior; that is, determining the manner in which metropolitan knowledge of the periphery becomes codified for its own discursive consumption. It is therefore within such a postcolonial grid that I wish to situate the following paradox, or at least this concern.1

Keywords

Spanish Society Military Defeat Colonial Policy Spanish Generation North American Literature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 1.
    On the postcolonial question see: Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman, eds. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994)Google Scholar
  2. Shaobo Xie, “Rethinking the Problem of Postcolonialism,” New Literary History, vol. 28, no. 1 (Winter 1997), 7–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 8.
    Raymond Carr, Spain, 1808–1939 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1975), 382.Google Scholar
  4. 9.
    See Juan Lopez Morulas, “Preludio del 98 y literatura del Desastre,” in his Hacia el 98: Literatura, sociedad, ideologia (Barcelona: Ediciones Ariel, 1972), 235.Google Scholar
  5. 11.
    All citations from Manuel Moreno Fraginals, Cuba/Espana, Espana/Cuba: Historia comün (Barcelona: Grijalbo Mondadori, 1995), 293–194Google Scholar
  6. 15.
    “El gobierno esta dispuesto a no detenerse ante ningun sacrificio, a gastar hasta la ultima peseta y a disponer hasta el ultimo hombre en defensa de la patria, de nuestra bandera gloriosa, de nuestra soberania que jamâs se extinguirâ en America, porque Cuba sera siempre espanola persistiremos en nuestro esfuerzo y en nuestra actitud de negarnos a toda concesión a los rebeldes en armas,” cited in Luis Morote, La moral de la derrota (Madrid: G. Juste, 1900), 31–32.Google Scholar
  7. Raul Izquierdo Canosa, El ultimo hombre y la ultima peseta (Havana: Ediciones Verde Olivo, 1997).Google Scholar
  8. 16.
    To date, no exhaustive research on the Reconcentracion has been done. See, however, the following: Emilio Roig de Leuchsenring, Weyler en Cuba. Un precursor de la barbarie fascista (Havana: Editorial Paginas, 1947)Google Scholar
  9. José Antonio Medel, La guerra hispano-americana y sus resultados (Havana: F. Fernandez y Cia, 1932)Google Scholar
  10. Enrique Pineyro, Como acabo la dominacion de Espana en America (Paris: Gamier Hnos., 1908), 98–110Google Scholar
  11. Fernando Portuondo, Historia de Cuba, 4a ed. (Havana: Editorial Minerva, 1950), 545–546Google Scholar
  12. Jorge Ibarra, Historia de Cuba, 3rd ed. (Havana: Dirección Politica de las FAR, 1971), 412–413Google Scholar
  13. Louis A. Perez, Jr. Cuba Between Empires: 1878–1902 (Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh University Press, 1983), 53–56Google Scholar
  14. Francisco Perez Guzman, Herida profunda (Havana: Clio, 2001).Google Scholar
  15. 23.
    Ganivet, Idearium espanol, 178. On this subject see Carlos Ripoll’sessay, “Castro y la Espana del desquite,” in his Escritos cubanos (New York: Editorial Dos Rios, 1998), 260–268.Google Scholar

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© Enrico Mario Santí 2005

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  • Enrico Mario Santí

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