Advertisement

Latinas on the Border

The Common Ground of Economic Displacements and Breakthroughs
  • Victor M. Ortiz

Abstract

On April 19, 1990, celebrating the bountiful economic benefits of the maquiladora industry for the local business community, the mayor of El Paso proclaimed the city to be the “Maquila Capital of the World” (Baake 1990). “Maquila” is the colloquial term for maquiladoras, export-oriented assembly line plants that companies from the United States, Japan, and other industrialized countries have established in Mexico. These plants, located primarily along Mexico’s northern border region, take advantage of comparatively lower wages and other incentives offered by the Mexican government. The mayor’s proclamation referred to the high concentration of these production plants in Ciudad Juarez, the Mexican city immediately across the border from El Paso.

Keywords

Small Business Gender Inequality Business Opportunity Garment Industry Displace Worker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Baake, Ken. 1990. “On ‘Maquila’ Celebration, Some Are in Mourning.” El Paso Herald Post. April 20, 1.Google Scholar
  2. City of El Paso, Texas. 1992. Census Profiles From Summary Tape File 3A. Department of Planning, Research, and Development.Google Scholar
  3. Coyle, Laurie, Gail Hershatter, and Emily Honig. 1982. Workers of Farah: An Incomplete History. El Paso: Reforma, El Paso Chapter.Google Scholar
  4. Elson, Diane and Ruth Pearson. 1984. “Subordination of Women and the Internationalisation of Factory Production.” In Of Marriage and the Market: Women’s Subordination Internationally and its Lessons, edited by Kate Young, Carol Wolkowitz, and Roslyn McCullagh. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  5. El Paso Herald Post. 1990. “Maquila: La Vista Grande.” March 19.Google Scholar
  6. El Paso Herald Post. 1990. “Garment-Factory Protestors Released from Jail.” June 30, p. B2.Google Scholar
  7. El Paso Herald Post. 1990. “Fed Probe Finds Violations in Local Garment Industry.” August 10, A1.Google Scholar
  8. El Paso Times. 1990. “Plan Aims to Keep Garment Industry from Coming Apart at the Seams.” May 2, A1.Google Scholar
  9. El Paso Times. 1991. “Bill Makes Non-payment of Wages a Felony.” May 28. B6.Google Scholar
  10. Engels, Frederick. 1972 [1884]. The Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State. London: Lawrence and Wishart.Google Scholar
  11. Fernández-Kelly, María Patricia. 1983. For We Are Sold, I and My People: Women and Industry in Mexico’s Frontier. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  12. Greer, Germaine. 1999. The Whole Woman. New York: Knopf (distributed by Random House).Google Scholar
  13. Martinez, Oscar J. 1996. U.S.-Mexico Borderlands. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources Inc.Google Scholar
  14. Massey, Doreen. 1994. Space, Place, and Gender. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  15. Peña, Devon Gerardo. 1997. The Terror of the Machine: Technology, Work, Gender, and Ecology on the U.S.—Mexico Border. Austin: University of Texas Press.Google Scholar
  16. Perrucci, Carolyn C, Robert Perrucci, Dena B. Targ, and Harry R Targ. 1988. Plant Closings: International Context and Social Costs. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  17. Reich, Robert. 1991. “Who Is Them?” Harvard Business Review 67(2): 77–89.Google Scholar
  18. Reich, Robert. 1992. The Work of Nations. New York: Vintage Books.Google Scholar
  19. Russell, Joel. 1998. “Sisters, Inc.” Hispanic Business 20(5): 32–35.Google Scholar
  20. Sanchez, George. 1993. Becoming Mexican American. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Stoddard, Ellwyn R. 1987. Maquila: Assembly Plants in Northern Mexico. El Paso, TX: Western Press, University of Texas at El Paso.Google Scholar
  22. Tiano, Susan. 1994. Patriarchy on the Line: Labor, Gender, and Ideology in the Mexican Maquila Industry. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Tower, George. 1991. “El Paso’s Colonias.” Ph.D. diss. University of Arizona.Google Scholar
  24. Twin Plant News. 1990. “Monthly Magazine on the Maquiladora Industry.” El Paso, Texas.Google Scholar
  25. Vargas, Lucinda. 1998. “El Paso’s Labor-Mismatch Dilemma.” Business Frontiers, Issue 1. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, El Paso Branch.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Rosario Montoya, Lessie Jo Frazier, and Janise Hurtig 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victor M. Ortiz

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations