Experimental Trust

  • Richard E. Brantley


“We’ll finish an education sometime, won’t we?” asked Emily Dickinson of her friend Abiah Root on February 23, 1845, adding, “You may then be Plato, and I will be Socrates, provided you won’t be wiser than I am” (L 1:10). Thus, at fourteen, the schoolgirl showed herself to be philosophically precocious, by recognizing the distinction between Plato and the chief persona of his dialogues and by anticipating her own role as gadfly On October 10, 1851, she wrote to her brother, Austin, “I had a dissertation from Eliza Coleman a day or two ago—don’t know which was the author—Plato, or Socrates—rather think Jove had a finger in it” (L 1:147). Thus, at twenty, besides playing again with the contrast between Plato and Socrates, she expressed ambivalence about whether philosophy trumps theology and implied that, on occasion, it probably should.


Industrial Revolution Female Education Experimental Trust Fine School British Empiricism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 4.
    Freeman Dyson, “A New Newton,” The New York Review of Books 50 (July 3, 2003): 4–6, esp. 6. See also James Gleick, Isaac Newton; and Brantley, Eocke, Wesley, and the Method of English Romanticism, 1–26, esp. 12–13.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Michael V DePorte, “Digressions and Madness in A Tale of a Tub and Tristram Shandy,” The Huntington Eibrary Quarterly 34 (November 1970): 41–57.Google Scholar
  3. 28.
    E. Derek Taylor, “Mary Astell’s Ironic Assault on John Locke’s Theory of Thinking Matter,” Journal of the History of Ideas 64 (2001): 505–22, esp. 505–07, 522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. See also Taylor , “Clarissa Harlowe, Mary Astell, and Elizabeth Carter: John Norris of Bemerton’s Female ‘Descendants,’” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 12 (October 1999): 19–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 51.
    G. S. Rousseau,“John Wesley’s Primitive Physick (1747),” Harvard Library Bulletin 16 (July 1968): 242–56.Google Scholar
  6. 55.
    Richard Howells, “Rethinking the Titanic: Hubris, Nemesis and the Modern World,” Symbiosis: A Journal of Anglo-American Literary Relations 1.2 (October 1997): 151–58.Google Scholar
  7. 57.
    Patrick E O’Connell, “Emily Dickinson’s Train: Iron Horse or ‘Rough Beast,?’” American Literature 52.3 (November 1980): 469–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 60.
    William Freedman, “Dickinson’s ‘I like to see it lap the miles,’” The ExpUcator 40.3 (Spring 1982): 30–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 64.
    Julia M.Walker, “Emily Dickinson’s Poetic of Private Liberation,” Dickinson Studies, no. 45 (June 1983): 17–22, esp. 21.Google Scholar
  10. 67.
    Elisa New, “Difficult Writing, Difficult God: Emily Dickinson’s Poems beyond Circumference,” Religion and Literature 18.3 (Fall 1986): 1–27, esp. 6–7, 10, 21–22.Google Scholar
  11. 79.
    Rowena Revis Jones, “‘A Royal Seal’: Emily Dickinson’s Rite of Baptism,” Religion and Literature 18.3 (Fall 1986): 29–51, esp. 40.Google Scholar
  12. 85.
    Heather McClave, “Emily Dickinson: The Missing All,” Southern Humanities Review 14.1 (winter 1980): 1–12, esp. 4.Google Scholar
  13. 92.
    Richard Gravil, “Emily Dickinson (and Walt Whitman): The Escape from ‘Locksley Hall,’” Symbiosis: A Journal of Anglo-American Literary Relations 7.1 (April 2003): 56–75, esp. 62.Google Scholar
  14. 102.
    Anthony Hecht, “The Riddles of Emily Dickinson,” New England Review 1.1 (Autumn 1978): 1–24, esp. 3–5.Google Scholar
  15. 103.
    Lynn Keller and Cristanne Miller, “Emily Dickinson, Elizabeth Bishop, and the Rewards of Indirection,” New England Quarterly 57.4 (December 1984): 533–53, esp. 546–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 106.
    Lisa Paddock, “Metaphor as Reason: Emily Dickinson’s Approach to Nature,” Massachusetts Studies in English 7.4.–8.1 (1981): 70–79, esp. 71–72, 73, 75.Google Scholar
  17. 108.
    Jonnie G. Guerra, “Dickinson’s ‘A bird came down the walk,’” The Explicator 48.1 (fall 1989): 29–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 110.
    Douglas Anderson, “Presence and Place in Emily Dickinson’s Poetry,” New England Quarterly 57.2 (June 1984): 205–24, esp. 221–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 111.
    E. Miller Budick, “The Dangers of the Living Word: Aspects of Dickinson’s Epistemology, Cosmology, and Symbolism,” ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance 29 (4th quarter 1983): 208–24, esp. 222.Google Scholar
  20. 133.
    Juhasz , “‘To Make a Prairie’: Language and Form in Emily Dickinson’s Poems about Mental Experience,” Ball State University Forum 21.2 (Spring 1980): 12–25, esp. 24–25.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard E. Brantley 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard E. Brantley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations