Look Back In Bewilderment

  • S. Mahmud Ali


In Sino-U.S. relations, the 1990s proved to have been a time of transition, although to what end-state remained unclear. The decade saw both dramatic and prosaic changes in perceived interests and policy. Hindsight helps to discern phases although each phase was a combination of contrasting views in varying balances. Also, changes in dominant views in China and America never exactly dovetailed. A degree of discordance, therefore, challenged efforts to smooth the edges of the discourse. Asynchronous confluence of external and domestic factors impinging on each capital made generalizations even more fraught. Still, some patterns emerged.


Chinese Thinking Military Capability China Policy Regional Dominance Nuclear Weapon State 
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© S. Mahmud Ali 2008

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  • S. Mahmud Ali

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