Advertisement

Women in the Military

  • Cynthia B. Costello
  • Vanessa R. Wight
  • Anne J. Stone

Abstract

Women have officially served in the U.S. military for over a cen-tury—since 1901. During most of this time, their service, although of great value to their nation, was limited to ancillary roles and was constrained by law and policy. In 1973, this began to change, when the expiration of the Selective Service Act brought the draft to an end. The era of the all-volunteer force has resulted in slow but steady growth in the numbers of women serving in the military—from under two percent in 1972 to about 15 percent at the start of 2002—and the movement of women into an increasing number of military occupations.

Keywords

Active Duty Coast Guard Woman Veteran Male Veteran Marine Corps 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Current Population Survey, 2001. Unpublished table, “Employment status of persons by veteran status, age, race, Hispanic origin, and sex, Annual Average 2001.” Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. U.S. Department of Defense. Defense Manpower Data Center. Unpublished data, Arlington, VA, August 1997.Google Scholar
  3. —. Defense Manpower Data Center. Unpublished data, Arlington, VA, May 31, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. —. Defense Manpower Data Center. Unpublished data, Arlington, VA, March 30, 2000.Google Scholar
  5. —. Defense Manpower Data Center. Unpublished data, Arlington, VA, September 30, 2001.Google Scholar
  6. —. Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs. Public Affairs News Release no. 449–94, July 29, 1994.Google Scholar
  7. —. Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. Arlington, VA, 1999.Google Scholar
  8. —. Unpublished data provided by U.S. Air Force Academy, U.S. Military Academy, and U.S. Naval Academy, June 1993.Google Scholar
  9. —. Unpublished data provided by U.S. Air Force Academy, U.S. Military Academy, and U.S. Naval Academy, February 2002.Google Scholar
  10. U.S. Department of Transportation. Unpublished data provided by the Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT, June 1993.Google Scholar
  11. —. Unpublished data provided by the Coast Guard Academy, New London, CT, February 2002.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Women’s Research and Education Institute 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cynthia B. Costello
    • 1
  • Vanessa R. Wight
    • 1
  • Anne J. Stone
    • 1
  1. 1.Women’s Research and Education InstituteUSA

Personalised recommendations