Advertisement

Power and Water: The Coming Order in Southern Africa

  • Larry A. Swatuk
Part of the The New Regionalism book series (NERE)

Abstract

The dynamics of regionalism in Southern Africa have changed dramatically in recent years. To be sure, there is much continuity — in terms of both conflict and co-operation — for it will be many years before the negative impacts of uneven capitalist development and apartheid ‘destabilization’ are overcome (Shaw, 1986; Ohlson and Stedman, 1994). Nevertheless, there is for the first time a recognition that problems and possibilities for the region may be approached on their own merits without first having to be filtered through Cold War and apartheid ideological lenses. As a result, the ‘old’ regionalism is now making room for new, innovative and important (re)conceptions of regional identity and practice in Southern Africa.

Keywords

Okavango Delta Southern African Development Community African National Congress Southern AFRICA Zambezi Basin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. African Development Bank (ADB) (1994) ‘Economic Integration in Southern Africa: Executive Summary’, mimeo, Harare.Google Scholar
  2. African European Institute (AEI) (1992) Post-Apartheid Regional Cooperation: International Support for Transforming Southern Africa, Conference Report, Gaborone, Botswana, 27–29 April (The Hague: AEI).Google Scholar
  3. African National Congress (ANC) (1994) The Reconstruction and Development Programme (Johannesburg: Umanyano Publications).Google Scholar
  4. Argus (Cape Town), various.Google Scholar
  5. Bardill, John (1994) Sources of Domestic Instability in Southern African States, a conference report, backgrounder no. 12 (Bellville: Centre for Southern African Studies, University of the Western Cape).Google Scholar
  6. Basson, M. S. (1995) ‘South African Water Transfer Schemes and Their Impact on the Southern African Region’, in T. Matiza, S. Crafter and P. Dale (eds), Water Resource Use in the Zambezi Basin (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN) pp. 41–8.Google Scholar
  7. Botswana Guardian (Gaborone), various.Google Scholar
  8. Bowman, Larry (1968) ‘The Subordinate State System of Southern Africa’, International Studies Quarterly, vol. 12, no. 3.Google Scholar
  9. Buzan, Barry (1991) People, States, and Fear: An Agenda for International Security Studies in the Post-Cold War Era, 2nd edition (Boulder: Lynne Rienner).Google Scholar
  10. Chabwela, H. N. (1994) ‘Current Threats to the Wetlands of Zimbabwe’, in T. Matiza and S. A. Crafter (eds), Wetlands Ecology and Priorities for Conservation in Zimbabwe (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN) pp. 155–60.Google Scholar
  11. Chenje, Munyaradzi and Phyllis Johnson (eds) (1994) The State of Southern Africa’s Environment (Harare: Southern African Research and Documentation Centre).Google Scholar
  12. Cilliers, Jakkie and Hussein Solomon (eds) (1996) People, Poverty and Peace: Human Security in Southern Africa, IDP Monograph Series No. 4 (May), (Midrand: Institute for Defence Policy).Google Scholar
  13. Cock, Jacklyn and Eddie Koch (1991) Going Green: People, Politics and the Environment in South Africa (Cape Town: Oxford University Press).Google Scholar
  14. Cole, Ken (ed.) (1994) Sustainable Development for a Democratic South Africa (London: Earthscan).Google Scholar
  15. Conley, A. I. (1996) ‘A Synoptic View of Water Resources in Southern Africa’, in Hussein Solomon (ed.), Sink or Swim? Water, Resource Security and State Cooperation, IDP Monograph Series, no. 6, October (Midrand: IDP) pp. 17–69.Google Scholar
  16. De Wit, Maarten and Peter Vale (1996) ‘Collaboration in African Science: Some Provisional Lessons from the Earth Sciences’, paper presented at the second ACDESS conference, ‘South Africa Within Africa’, 24–27 January, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  17. Eberhard Anton and Hilton Trollip (1992) Background on the South African Energy System, paper no. 4 (draft) (Cape Town: Energy for Development Research Centre).Google Scholar
  18. Eleri, Ewah Otu (1996) ‘Electricity Cooperation in Southern Africa: The Role of South Africa’, paper presented at the second ACDESS conference, ‘South Africa Within Africa’, 24–27 January, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  19. Environment 2000 (n.d) ‘Zambezi River Environment Project’, mimeo (Harare).Google Scholar
  20. Environmental Monitoring Group: Western Cape (EMG) (1992) Towards Sustainable Development in South Africa: A Discussion Paper (Cape Town: EMG).Google Scholar
  21. Geldenhuys, Deon (1984) The Diplomacy of Isolation: South African Foreign Policy Making (New York: St. Martin’s).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Green, Reginald H. (1996) ‘South Africa, Southern Africa and Beyond: Explorations Toward Regional Integration’, paper presented at the second ACDESS conference, ‘South Africa Within Africa’, 24–27 January, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  23. Greve, Albert Michael et al. (1995) National Environmental Action Plans in Sub-Saharan Africa (Washington: World Bank).Google Scholar
  24. Gumende, Antonio (1995) ‘In Search of Water’, Southern African Economist, vol. 8, no. 4 (October-December) pp. 3–8.Google Scholar
  25. Gumende, Antonio (1996) ‘Can SADC Deliver?’, Southern African Political and Economic Monthly, vol. 9, no. 11 (August) pp. 5–9.Google Scholar
  26. Hettne, Björn (1994) ‘The New Regionalism: Implications for Development and Peace’, in Björn Hettne and András Inotai, The New Regionalism: Implications for Global Development and International Security (Helsinki: UNU/WIDER) pp. 1–50.Google Scholar
  27. Homer-Dixon, Thomas F. (1994) ‘Environmental Scarcities and Violent Conflict: Evidence from Cases’, International Security, vol. 19, no. 1 (Summer) pp. 5–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hudson, Heidi (1996) ‘Water and Security in Southern Africa’, in Hussein Solomon, (ed.), Sink or Swim? Water, Resource Security and State Cooperation, IDP Monograph Series, no. 6, October (Midrand: IDP) pp. 3–16.Google Scholar
  29. IDRC/ANC/COSATU/SACP/SANCO (1994) Environment, Reconstruction and Development in the New South Africa, report of the Mission on Environmental Policy (August).Google Scholar
  30. IUCN (The World Conservation Union) (1992) The IUCN Review of the Southern Okavango Integrated Water Development Project: Final Report (October).Google Scholar
  31. IUCN (The World Conservation Union) (1996) ‘Introduction to the Zambezi Basin Wetlands Conservation and Resource Utilisation Programme’, mimeo, Harare.Google Scholar
  32. Johnson, Phyllis and David Martin (eds) (1986) Destructive Engagement: Southern Africa at War (Harare: Zimbabwe Publishing House).Google Scholar
  33. Keatimilwe, Kagiso P. (1992) ‘Environmental Management Over the Last Two Decades: Experiences and Challenges for the Southern Africa Sub-Regional Environmental Group’, unpublished manuscript, November.Google Scholar
  34. Khosa, Meshack (1996) ‘Toward a Sustainable Transport and Communication Sector in Southern Africa’, paper presented at the second ACDESS conference, ‘South Africa Within Africa’, 24–27 January, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  35. Kimberley, M. (1995) ‘The Next Step — a Zambezi Basin Convention?’, in T. Matiza, S. Crafter and P. Dale (eds), Water Resource Use in the Zambezi Basin (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN) pp. 121–36.Google Scholar
  36. Lazlo, David J. (1988) ‘Environmentally Sound Management of the Zambezi River Basin’, International Journal of Water Resources Management, vol. 4, no. 2 (June) pp. 80–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Marshall, Judith (1996) ‘Globalising Civil Society: Labour Unions in Canada and Southern Africa’, in David R. Black and Larry A. Swatuk (eds), Canadian Policy and Post-Apartheid Southern Africa: Foreign Aid and Civil Society (Halifax: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies).Google Scholar
  38. Matiza, T. (1994) ‘Wetlands in Zimbabwe: An Overview’, in T. Matiza and S.A. Crafter (eds), Wetlands Ecology and Priorities for Conservation in Zimbabwe (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN) pp. 3–10.Google Scholar
  39. Matiza, T. and H. N. Chabwela (eds) (1992) Wetlands Conservation Conference for Southern Africa (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN).Google Scholar
  40. Matiza, T. and S. A. Crafter (eds) (1994) Wetlands Ecology and Priorities for Conservation in Zimbabwe (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN).Google Scholar
  41. Matiza, T., S. A. Crafter, and P. Dale (eds) (1995) Water Resource Use in the Zambezi Basin (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN).Google Scholar
  42. Mittelman, James H. (1994) ‘The Globalization Challenge: Surviving at the Margins’, Third World Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 3 (September) pp. 427–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mmegi/The Reporter (various), Gaborone.Google Scholar
  44. Moyo, Sam, Phil O’Keefe and Michael Sill (eds) (1993) The Southern African Environment: Profiles of the SADC States (London: Earthscan).Google Scholar
  45. Mpande, R. L. (1995) ‘The Proposed Matabeleland Zambezi Water Project’, in T. Matiza, S. Crafter and P. Dale (eds), Water Resource Use in the Zambezi Basin (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN) pp. 13–24.Google Scholar
  46. National Geographic (1993) Water: The Power, the Promise, and Turmoil of North America’s Fresh Water (Washington: National Geographic Society).Google Scholar
  47. Oden, Bertil (ed.) (1993) Southern Africa After Apartheid. Regional Integration and External Resources, Seminar Proceedings no. 28 (Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet).Google Scholar
  48. Ohlson, Thomas and Stephen John Stedman (1994) The New is Not Yet Born. Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Southern Africa (Washington: The Brookings Institute).Google Scholar
  49. O’Keefe, Phil and John Kirkby (1994) ‘Energy and Sustainable Development in Southern Africa’, in Ken Cole (ed.), Sustainable Development for a Democratic South Africa (London: Earthscan).Google Scholar
  50. Ponting, Clive (1991) A Green History of the World: The Environment and the Collapse of Great Civilisations (Harmondsworth: Penguin).Google Scholar
  51. Prinsloo, Cas (1996) ‘Advancing Science and Technology in Africa: the Elusive Target of Common Policy Frameworks for Mutually Beneficial Interaction’, paper presented at the second ACDESS conference, ‘South Africa Within Africa’, 24–27 January, Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  52. Raskin, P. and M. Lazarus (1991) ‘Regional Energy Development in Southern Africa: Great Potential, Great Constraints’, Annual Review of Energy and Environment, no. 16, pp. 145–78.Google Scholar
  53. SADCC (1991) Sustaining Our Common Future, special report for the UNCED Secretariat (Maseru: SADCC ELMS) October.Google Scholar
  54. SADCC Energy Technical Assistance Unit (SADC/TAU) (1982) Towards an Energy Policy for Southern Africa (Luanda: TAU).Google Scholar
  55. SAPP (Southern African Power Pool) (1994) Memorandum of Understanding (first draft), 6–7 June, Harare.Google Scholar
  56. SARDC (Southern African Research and Documentation Centre) (1996) Water Resources in Southern Africa (draft manuscript).Google Scholar
  57. Shaw, Timothy M. (1986) Southern Africa in Crisis: An Analysis and Bibliography (Halifax: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies).Google Scholar
  58. Southall, Roger (1994) ‘The New South Africa in the New World Order: Beyond the Double Whammy’, Third World Quarterly, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 121–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Southall, Roger (1996) ‘Levels of Understanding: Towards a Differentiated Canadian Perception of South Africa’, in David R. Black and Larry A. Swatuk (eds), Canadian Policy and Post-Apartheid Southern Africa: Foreign Aid and Civil Society (Halifax: Centre for Foreign Policy Studies).Google Scholar
  60. Swatuk, Larry A. (1994) ‘Prospects for Southern African Regional Integration after Apartheid’, Journal of the Third World Spectrum, vol. 1, no. 2 (Fall) pp. 17–38.Google Scholar
  61. Swatuk, Larry A. and David R. Black (1996) ‘The “New” South Africa in Africa: Issues and Opportunities’, Journal of the Third World Spectrum, vol. 2, no. 2 (January).Google Scholar
  62. Swatuk, Larry A. and David R. Black (eds) (1997) Bridging the Rift: The ‘New’ South Africa in Africa (Boulder: Westview).Google Scholar
  63. Swatuk, Larry A. and Abillah H. Omari (1997) ‘Regional Security: Southern Africa’s “Mobile” Frontline’, in Swatuk and Black (eds), Bridging the Rift: The ‘New’ South Africa in Africa (Boulder: Westview).Google Scholar
  64. Tapfuma, V. (1995) ‘The Batoka Gorge Hydroelectric Project Design and Potential Environmental Impacts’, in T. Matiza, S. Crafter and P. Dale (eds), Water Resource Use in the Zambezi Basin (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN) pp. 57–68.Google Scholar
  65. van der Heiden, L. J. (1992) ‘The Okavango Delta: Current State of Planning and Conservation’, in T. Matiza and H. N. Chabwela (eds), Wetlands Conservation Conference for Southern Africa (Gland, Switzerland: IUCN).Google Scholar
  66. van Horen, Clive, Anton Eberhard, Hilton Trollip and Stephen Thorne (1993) ‘Energy, Environment and Urban Poverty in South Africa’, Energy Policy, May, pp. 523–39.Google Scholar
  67. World Bank (1995) ‘Toward Environmentally Sustainable Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: A World Bank agenda’, pre-publication draft.Google Scholar
  68. Wynberg, Rachel (1993) Exploring the Earth Summit. Findings of the Rio United Nations Conference on Environment and Development: Implications for South Africa (Johannesburg: The Penrose Press, January).Google Scholar
  69. Yeld, John (1993) Caring for the Earth: South Africa. A Strategy for Sustainable Living (Stellenbosch: SANF).Google Scholar
  70. Zhao, Yueyao (1995) ‘Environmental Destruction and the Aral Sea Problem in Central Asia’, paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, Chicago, May.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The United Nations University/World Institute for Development Economics Research, Katajanokanlaituri 6B, 00160 Helsinki, Finland 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Larry A. Swatuk

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations