Ecology Without Borders

  • Su Yongge


Ecology, as conventionally defined, is a science that deals with interactions between living organisms and their physical environment. Human beings have now achieved such a dominant role that they are an unprecedented ecological factor controlling ecosystems on the planet. A more practical way to define ecology might be to say that it concerns human beings in relation to their living environment, a relationship which has developed into a serious crisis.


Wild Animal Forest Ownership Border Area Black Bear Rubber Plantation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore 2000

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  • Su Yongge

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