Trade Activities of the Hoa along the Sino-Vietnamese Border

  • Chau Thi Hai


Since the opening of the border at the end of the 1980s, diplomatic relations between Vietnam and China have improved and Sino-Vietnamese trade in the border regions has gained momentum. This chapter will explore how the Hoa (ethnic Chinese in Vietnam) use their social and economic networks to further their trading activities along the border. It will also discuss the reasons for their success.


Border Area Business Network Diplomatic Relation Border Trade Border Province 
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© Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Singapore 2000

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  • Chau Thi Hai

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