Racism as a Cultural Factor

A Dialogue with Paulo Freire
  • Donaldo Macedo
  • Lilia I. Bartolomé


So far, we have proposed that in order to understand the systematic devaluation of “otherness” along the lines of race, culture, and ethnicity, we need to critically examine the colonial legacy that continually undermines our democratic aspirations. However, to do so would require that we reconnect with our past so as to critically understand that beneath the aura of democracy lies a colonial historical will that has bequeathed us the rampant social inequality that exists today. Once we become cognizant of the colonial ideology that still informs our so-called democratic society, we can begin to create structures that will lead to a total decolonization so as to achieve a truly cultural democracy.


Affirmative Action Bell Curve Dominant Ideology White Supremacy Racist Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Albert Memmi, The Colonizer and the Colonized (Boston: Beacon Press, 1991), p. 74.Google Scholar
  2. 5.
    Renato Constantino, Neocolonial Identity and Counter-Consciousness (London: Merlin Press, 1978), p. 66.Google Scholar
  3. 6.
    Steven Fraser (ed.), The Bell Curve Wars: Race, Intelligence, and the Future of America (New York: Basic Books, 1995), p. 1.Google Scholar
  4. 8.
    Howard Zinn, A Peoples’ History of the United States (New York: Harper Perennial, 1990), p. 8.Google Scholar
  5. 9.
    J. W. Gibson, The Perfect War (New York: Vintage Books, 1988), pp. 202–203.Google Scholar
  6. 11.
    John Sedgwick, “Inside the Pioneer Fund,” in R. Jacoby and N. Glauberman (eds.), The Bell Curve Debate (New York: Random House, 1995).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Donaldo Macedo and Lilia I. Bartolomé 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donaldo Macedo
  • Lilia I. Bartolomé

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations