Security Beyond the State: Cosmopolitanism, Peace and the Role of Just War Theory
The lessons learnt from international politics in the post-Cold War era and the nature of global conflict today compel us to accept an important fact: it is impossible to protect and enhance human freedom and well-being exclusively through the traditional paradigm of state security. The security of the individual human being must also be taken into consideration. Political theory and practice must come to accept this global reality, since all too often the best laid plans for achieving state security have come at the cost of an increase in human suffering, fear and deprivation. What is required is a new global outlook: a cosmopolitan approach that recognises the highly interdependent nature of human life across political and territorial boundaries and the growing irrelevance of the traditional conception of state sovereignty as an end in itself. This new global outlook may be best represented by the human security paradigm. For cosmopolitans as well as for human security advocates, the traditional realist claims to sovereignty and non-intervention on the part of states are being supplanted in international relations by a norm of humanitarian assistance driven by the human rights and security interests of individuals.1 According to cosmopolitanism, state sovereignty in itself provides no reason not to intervene when necessary, for example, to prevent humanitarian disasters and gross human rights violations.
KeywordsGlobal Governance Political Violence Military Force Human Security State Sovereignty
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