The supreme emergency exemption is a doctrine which pushes to the very limits the relationship between jus ad bellum (the justice of resorting to war)2 and jus in bello (the justice of conduct in war).3 It has high profile support, including such luminaries as Winston Churchill, John Rawls and Michael Walzer. But it is Walzer who is fundamentally responsible for the structure of this exemption: Churchill merely inspires it, and Rawls merely apes it.
KeywordsArmed Conflict Dirty Hand Military Defeat Military Necessity Supreme Emergency
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