Advertisement

Another Season of Discontent: The Critics

  • Christopher J. Lucas

Abstract

Once it became apparent that the era of collegiate turmoil in the sixties was over and relative tranquility had returned to the campuses of the nation’s colleges and universities, there were signs in the early 1970s that the American academic community was now willing to take a fresh look at general education. Once again, official enthusiasm for liberal learning resurfaced. Once again there ensued a national debate, an outpouring of books and articles on the subject, a rash of curricular experiments, and a few new proposals which, in the public mind, came to epitomize the movement.

Keywords

High Education General Education Affirmative Action High Learning Undergraduate Education 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 1.
    See B. Frank Brown, ed., Education for Responsible CitizenshipiThe Report of the National Task Force on Citizenship Education (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1977)Google Scholar
  2. Edwin O. Reischauer, Toward the 21st Century: Education for a ChangingWorld (New York: Vintage, 1973)Google Scholar
  3. National Assembly on Foreign Languages and International Studies, Toward Education with a Global Perspective (Washington, D.C.: Association of American Colleges, 1981)Google Scholar
  4. Council on Learning, Task Force Statement on Education and Worldview (New York: Council on Learning, 1981)Google Scholar
  5. Working Group on the Successor Generation, The Successor Generation:Its Challenges and Responsibilities (Washington, D.C.: Atlantic Council of the United States, 1981).Google Scholar
  6. 2.
    Willis D. Weatherford, “Commission on Liberal Learning,” Liberal Education 57 (March, 1971): 37.Google Scholar
  7. 3.
    Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Missions of the College Curriculum (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1977),p. II.Google Scholar
  8. 4.
    Clark Kerr, Uses of the University (New York: Harper and Row, 1972).Google Scholar
  9. 5.
    Robert Paul Wolff, The Ideal of the University (Boston: Beacon Press, 1969)Google Scholar
  10. Brand Blanchard, The Uses of a Liberal Education (LaSalle, III.: Open Court, 1973)Google Scholar
  11. Christopher Jencks and David Riesman, The Academic Revolution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968, 1977).Google Scholar
  12. 6.
    See Robert H. Chambers, “Educating for Perspective—A Proposal,” Change 13 (September 1981): 46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 15.
    See Paul Berman, ed.. Debating PC: The Controversy Over Political Correctness On College Campuses (New York: Dell / Bantam Doubleday, 1992).Google Scholar
  14. 18.
    Dinesh D’Souza, Illiberal Education:The Politics of Race and Sex on Campus (New York: Free Press, 1991).Google Scholar
  15. 24.
    Roger Kimball, Tenured Radicals: How Politics Has Corrupted Our Higher Education (New York: Harper Collins, 1990).Google Scholar
  16. 27.
    Michael Apple, Official Knowledge: Democratic Education in a Conservative Age (New York: Routledge, Chapman and Hall, 1993).Google Scholar
  17. 30.
    George H. Douglas, Education Without Impact: How Our Universities Fail the Young (New York: Birch Lane / Carol Publishing Group, 1992).Google Scholar
  18. 31.
    Benjamin R. Barber, An Aristocracy of Everyone:The Politics of Education and the Future of America (New York: Ballantine Books, 1992), p. 9.Google Scholar
  19. 34.
    Charles Sykes, Prof scam: Prof essors and the Demise of Higher Education (Washington, D.C.: Regnery Gateway, 1988)Google Scholar
  20. 43.
    Robert N. Bellah et al., Habits of the Heart Individualism and Commitment in American Life (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985).Google Scholar
  21. 45.
    Quoted in Daniel Callahan and Sisseia Bok, eds. Ethics Training in Higher Education (New York: Plenum Press, 1980), p. 4.Google Scholar
  22. 49.
    See Pierre Bourdieu and Jean-Claude Passeron, Reproduction in Education, Society and Culture (Los Angeles: Sage, 1979).Google Scholar
  23. 51.
    Henry Rosovsky, The University, An Owner’s Manual (New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1990). pp. 84–98.Google Scholar
  24. 60.
    William Johnson Cory, Eton Reform (London: Longman, Green, Longman, & Roberts, 1861), pp. 6–7.Google Scholar
  25. 62.
    Note the interesting discussion in this connection in John R. Thelin, Higher Education And Its Useful Past (Cambridge, Mass.: Schenkman, 1982), pp. 157–160.Google Scholar
  26. 64.
    Edward B. Fiske, Selective Guide to Colleges (New York: New York Times Books, 1985), p. xiiiGoogle Scholar
  27. Kenneth Young, Access to Higher Education: A History (Washington, D.C.: American Association of State Colleges and Universities, 1971)Google Scholar
  28. Richard I. Ferrin, A Decade of Change in Free Access to Higher Education (New York: College Entrance Examination Board, 1971).Google Scholar
  29. 76.
    C. P. Snow, The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  30. 77.
    Allan Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind (New York: Simon and Shuster, 1987).Google Scholar
  31. 79.
    Mortimer Adler, The Paideia Proposal (New York: Macmillan, 1982), pp. 42–43.Google Scholar
  32. 81.
    Jennifer Washburn, University, Inc. The Corporate Corruption of American Higher Education (New York: Basic Books, 2005), pp. ixGoogle Scholar
  33. 82.
    Jackson Lears, “The Radicalism of the Liberal Arts Tradition,” Academe 89 (January–February 2003): 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Christopher J. Lucas 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher J. Lucas

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations