From Cathedral Church Schools to Universities

  • Christopher J. Lucas


Cultural and intellectual recovery in the early Middle Ages was a slow, painstaking process. By the end of the seventh century most of Europe lay in ruins. Antique monuments were destroyed; the old Roman roads, which had once afforded efficient transport had long since fallen into disrepair; whole cities had crumbled; and the past was largely forgotten. To the hordes of Vandals, Goths, Huns, Visigoths, Franks, and Saxons that had once overwhelmed the tottering Roman Empire now succeeded roving bands of indigenous brigands, mercenaries, and feudal barons. Innumerable local wars ravaged the land; and law and order ceased to exist. The great masses of the peasantry could hope for little more than subsistence, even as the rich and powerful preyed upon them at will. The nobility, meanwhile, retreated into the safety of its walled fortresses and castles. The long night of the Dark Ages had fallen.


Fourteenth Century Twelfth Century Lecture Hall Student Nation AMERICAN High Education 
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© Christopher J. Lucas 2006

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  • Christopher J. Lucas

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