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From One to Many

  • Paula Sutter Fichtner
Chapter
Part of the European History in Perspective book series (EUROHIP)

Abstract

First-time travelers in the parts of east central and southeastern Europe that once belonged to the Habsburg empire often shake their heads at the bewildering mix of languages they encounter. Each border crossing turns up yet another: one of the various Slavic tongues and their subtle dialects, possibly Magyar, or Latin-based Rumanian, or Italian, even fragments of German here and there. How was it possible, many people ask, to govern so diverse an array of speech communities collectively? To know that mutual self-interest promoted close cooperation between Habsburg rulers and the elites in their various territories for almost three centuries explains something of the hold that the dynasty had over its lands, but not completely. How did it hold together all of its peoples, including the vast body of ordinary humankind who challenged the dynasty and its sociopolitical foundations only under extreme provocation, and openly defied it almost never?

Keywords

Eighteenth Century Seventeenth Century Jesuit College Czech Language HABSBURG Monarchy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

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© Paula Sutter Fichtner 2003

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  • Paula Sutter Fichtner

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