Revolution: Text and Subtext

  • Paula Sutter Fichtner
Part of the European History in Perspective book series (EUROHIP)


Napoleon died in his second exile on the bleak island of St. Helena in 1821, but his many-sided legacy fired the imaginations of Europeans for generations to come. His commitment to administrative efficiency and legal egalitarianism inspired many; others loathed such policies and the dictatorial militarism through which he had imposed them. Most widespread, however, was the longing for international peace, all the more desirable because of economic problems that almost 20 years of credit-funded warfare had created. The Habsburg empire was among the most fiscally challenged states of Europe. Inflation had become ominously routine; in 1810, rumors that the government was ready to tolerate the condition in order to pay off long-standing debt in cheaper money frightened creditors into demanding immediate return of their principal.1 Experiments with paper currency added to the uncertainty.


Middle Classis Urban Middle Classis English Model National Sentiment Hungarian Government 
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© Paula Sutter Fichtner 2003

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  • Paula Sutter Fichtner

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