Coping with Symbols

  • Peter Kahn
Part of the Palgrave Study Guides book series (PASTSK)


Symbols abound in mathematics. You only have to pick up a textbook to see that this is so, from the most basic of symbols — such as 1, 2 and 3 — to symbols such as ∫ for an integral and lim n→∞ an for a limit. Applications of mathematics also rely on symbols, with letters such as E, m and c used to represent aspects of the real world in Einstein’s equation:


Mathematical Object Mathematical Idea Cartesian Grid Actual Meaning Precise Meaning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Peter Kahn 2001

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  • Peter Kahn

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