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Hopkins at Christodora House

  • June Hopkins
Part of the The World of the Roosevelts book series (WOOROO)

Abstract

On their trip from Iowa to New York in the summer of 1912, Louis Hartson and Harry Hopkins felt the excitement brewing during that election year. The duo first stopped off in Chicago, where Hopkins crashed the Republican National Convention by posing as Elihu Root’s secretary and witnessed Theodore Roosevelt bolting the party. After spending three days in the nation’s capital, they continued on to Baltimore, where the Democrats were holding their convention. Hartson remembered particularly “Harry’s conversation with the Tammany delegates who were supporting [New York City Mayor William J.] Gaynor, and his putting in a word in favor of Woodrow Wilson.”1 Hopkins’ friend and biographer Robert Sherwood wrote that “the sight and sound of the political giants excited him and for the next twenty years he nourished a desire to become combatant in that bloody arena.”2

Keywords

York City Settlement House Lower East Side Settlement Movement Immigrant Neighbor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 6.
    Judith Trolander, Professionalism and Social Change: From the Settlement House Movement to Neighborhood Centers, 1886 to the Present (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987), 16–17.Google Scholar
  2. 8.
    Jane Addams wrote about the diverse religious beliefs held by the residents at Hull House. “Jews, Roman Catholics, English Churchmen, Dissenters, and a few agnostics”—noting that because they could find no satisfactory form of worship that would express their religious fellowship, Sunday services were given up at Hull House. Yet her statement as to the motives underlying the settlement movement echoed the Social Gospelers’ warning against individualistic religion: “… the good we secure for ourselves is precarious and uncertain, is floating in mid-air, until it is secured for all of us and incorporated into our common life.” Jane Addams, Twenty Years At Hull-House (New York: The New American Library, 1961), 92–98, 307–308.Google Scholar
  3. 9.
    Ruth Hutchinson Crocker, Social Work and Social Order: The Settlement Movement in Two Industrial Cities, 1889–1930 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992), 114.Google Scholar
  4. 10.
    See Walter Rauschenbusch, Christianity and the Social Crisis (New York: Macmillan, 1907) and A Theology for the Social Gospel (New York: Macmillan, 1917).Google Scholar
  5. 11.
    Harry P. Kraus, The Settlement House Movement in New York City 1886–1914 (New York: Arno Press, 1980), 125. Kraus used Dr. Edward Steiner’s unpublished manuscript, “Christodora, 1897–1940” in this book. See p. 109.Google Scholar
  6. 12.
    Allen F. Davis, Spearheads for Reform: The Social Settlements and the Progressive Movement (New York: Oxford University Press, 1967); Mina Carson, Settlement Folk: Social Thought and the American Settlement Movement, 1885–1930 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990).Google Scholar
  7. 14.
    Arthur C. Holden, The Settlement Idea: A Vision of Social Justice (New York: Arno Press, 1922), 136–137.Google Scholar
  8. 17.
    Judith Weisenfeld, “‘The More Abundant Life:’ The Harlem Branch of the New York City Young Women’s Christian Association, 1905–1945” (Ph.D. diss., Princeton University, 1992), 16.Google Scholar
  9. 33.
    “Minutes 1897–1904,” October 3, 1899; “Young Women’s Settlement,” unidentified article, April 6, 1898. “Scrapbook, 1897,” Christodora Collection; Josiah Strong, “The Problem of the City,” in Paul H. Boase, ed., The Rhetoric of Christian Socialism (New York: Random House, 1969), 88–90.Google Scholar
  10. 37.
    Sheila M. Rothman, Woman’s Proper Place: A History of the Changing Ideals and Practices, 1870 to the Present (New York: Basic Books, 1978), xix, 114–117Google Scholar
  11. 45.
    Susan Curtis, A Consuming Faith: The Social Gospel in Modern American Culture (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), 72–75; Josiah Strong, The Next Great Awakening (New York: Baker & Taylor, 1902), iv–v, 92–99.Google Scholar
  12. 51.
    Ethel Gross Hopkins Journal, in author’s possession; EGH to Mr. John Dickson, managing editor, James T. White and Co., September 30, 1941; Conant interview, 47; author’s telephone interview with Eugene Fodor, September 30, 1988. See Charles Loring Brace, Hungary in 1851 (New York: Charles Scribner, 1852), 147, 415–418.Google Scholar
  13. 52.
    EGH Journal; Mary J. Shapiro Gateway to Liberty (New York: Vintage Books, 1986), 78.Google Scholar
  14. 64.
    Mary Ellin Barrett, Irving Berlin: A Daughter’s Memoir (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1994), 20, 30, 85. Ellin Mackay, Katherine and Clarence Mackay’s middle child, became a close friend of Ethel. Ellin later married Irving Berlin, who, much to the chagrin of her anti-Semitic father, was from Ethel’s old neighborhood. Katherine Mackay Blake’s second marriage produced four children but also ended in divorce in 1929 when Dr. Blake had an affair with (and later married) a nurse, Florence Drake, who was treating Katherine while she was recovering from cancer. It is interesting to note that Katherine converted to Catholicism in 1929. See Ellin Berlin, Silver Platter (Garden City, N.J.: Doubleday, 1957), 413–21.Google Scholar
  15. 66.
    Felix Adler, Atheism: A Lecture (New York: Cooperative Printers Association, 1879), 19.Google Scholar
  16. 67.
    Felix Adler, Life and Destiny (New York: McClure, Philips and Co., 1903), 4. In 1907 the city passed a law that allowed Adler and his assistants to legally perform marriages. A 1909 article in the New York Times gently poked fun at a settlement house couple who had taken advantage of this law, announcing that they had been “Ethically Married,” New York Times, November 1, 1909, VII, 1.Google Scholar
  17. 70.
    Harriot Stanton Blatch and Alma Lutz, The Challenging Years (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1940), 92–120.Google Scholar
  18. 78.
    Arnold S. Rosenberg, “John Adams Kingsbury and the Struggle for Social Justice in New York, 1906–1918,” (Ph.D. diss., New York University, 1968), 84, 123, 130; Transcripts from John Kingsbury’s journal, May 8–9, 1912, JAKP, B83: Reference Material Personal 1904–1926.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© June Hopkins 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • June Hopkins

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