The Aftermath of the Wars

  • A. J. Pollard
Part of the British History in Perspective book series (BHP)


Just as nineteenth-century historians, following sixteenth-century writers, saw the Wars of the Roses in terms of uncontrolled anarchy, so also they painted a dramatic picture of their consequences. In short, during the Wars the old feudal baronage dashed itself to pieces and out of them emerged a ‘New Monarchy’, despotic in character, founded on the support of the landed and commercial middle classes.1 Little of this account has stood the test of modern scholarship. It is clear now that the old feudal baronage did not commit collective suicide; no middle class emerged to take its place; and although royal authority recovered and was enhanced, few would now describe early Tudor monarchy as ‘new’. Just as the Wars themselves were not so dire, so also the changes they wrought were not so sweeping.


Male Line Chamber Finance Household Servant Crown Land Noble Family 
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© A. J. Pollard 2001

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  • A. J. Pollard

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