World Peace and “Holy War”—Two Sides of the Same Theological Concept

“YHWH as Sole Divine Power” (A Canonical-Intertextual Reading of Isaiah 2:1–5, Joel 4:9–21, and Micah 4:1–5)
  • Irmtraud Fischer
Part of the Culture and Religion in International Relations book series (CRIR)


There Is a long-standing tradition in Christianity that reproaches the Hebrew Bible, the so-called Old ‘Testament, with the fact that it is violent, that its image of God affirms force, and that it is therefore an incitement to acts of belligerence. This tradition (which is nothing other than an anti-Jewish interpretation) reads texts like Isaiah 2 and Micah 4 as eschatological passages that speak of a future beyond time (often conceived in Messianic terms) and thus have no real meaning for the practical politics of the contemporary world. Because of their distant perspective, these texts with their visions of peace did nothing to correct the image of a warlike Old Testament.


Eighth Century Biblical Text Canonical Order Canonical Text Theological Concept 
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Copyright information

© Raymond Cohen and Raymond Westbrook 2008

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  • Irmtraud Fischer

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