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An End to ‘Adolescence’

  • Roger Cooter
Part of the Science, Technology and Medicine in Modern History book series (STMMH)

Abstract

With its focus on the elderly and its identification with the highly skilled and radically invasive surgical operation for total hip replacement, orthopaedics today stands poles apart from the specialism of the interwar period. No longer do multitudes of disabled soldiers, crippled children and industrial workers constitute its clinical mainstay,1 and no longer do rural open-air hospitals and low-status outpatient departments serve as its principal work sites. The ‘mature’ specialism, with premises at the glamorous surgical centre of hospital medicine, embodies a very different set of social relations and professional interests. Of these, the greater kudos, security and income of its practitioners are signs and symbols.2

Keywords

Orthopaedic Surgeon Medical Curriculum Interwar Period Orthopaedic Specialization Voluntary Hospital 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Notes

  1. 3.
    W. R. Bristow, ‘Injuries of Peripheral Nerves in Two World Wars [the Robert Jones Lecture]’, Br. J. Surg., 34 (1947), pp. 333–48.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 4.
    William Waugh, John Charnley: the man and the hip (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 5.
    Cited in J. Trueta, Surgeon in War and Peace (1980), pp. 214–15.Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    See Charles V. Heck (compiler), Fifty Years of Progress in Recognition of the 50th Anniversary of the AAOS (Chicago, 1983); andGoogle Scholar
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  11. Charles Webster, The Health Services Since the War: vol. 1: Problems of Health Care, the National Health Service before 1957 (1988), p. 310. By 1978 orthopaedic surgeons constituted 17.7 per cent of all surgical specialties in England and Wales: Department of Health and Social Security, Orthopaedic Services: waiting time for out-patient appointments and in-patient treatment. Report of a working party to the Secretary of State for Social Services, Chairman, R. B. Duthie (HMSO, 1981), p. 11.Google Scholar
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    Robert Osgood, The Evolution of Orthopaedic Surgery (St Louis, 1925), p. 69. Watson-Jones shared these ideals with Platt, as the title of his 1959 Hunterian Oration reveals: Surgery is Destined to the Practice of Medicine. See also H. Jackson Burrows, ‘An Even Keel in Orthopaedies’, JBJS, 35B (1953), pp. 321–3.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Roger Cooter 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger Cooter
    • 1
  1. 1.Wellcome Unit for the History of MedicineUniversity of ManchesterUK

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