Advertisement

The Promise of Europe: Moldova and the Process of Europeanization

  • Oliver Schmidtke
  • Constantin Chira-Pascanut

Abstract

At first glance, the European Union (EU) seems to have established a rigorous system of inclusion and exclusion defined by full membership status and fortified external borders (captured by the image of a Fortress Europe). Yet considering its strategic interests with respect to the new neighbors to its east and south, the EU has recently developed a more differentiated set of policies designed to build partnerships and associational agreements. After the collapse of Communism, the EU’s pledge of membership for the states in Central and Eastern European (CEE) has motivated them to embark on the road of political and democratic reforms in order to meet the restrictive Copenhagen criteria.1 The close association with and potential membership in the EU represented the most stimulating incentive to this group of states putting in place painful economic and political reforms. The process of “Eastern enlargement” is on its way to completion now that Bulgaria and Romania have joined the EU.2 Yet as the Treaty of the European Union provides,3 every country that is part of the European continent can apply for membership. This entitles other states to envision their participation in the EU.

Keywords

European Union Foreign Affair European Union Member State Communist Country Domestic Politics 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Notes

  1. 4.
    Frank Schimmelfennig, “The Community Trap: Liberal Norms, Rhetorical Action, and the Eastern Enlargement of the European Union,” International Organization 55, no. 1 (2001): 47–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 10.
    Frank Schimmelfennig, Stefan Engert, and Heiko , “Cost, Commitment and Compliance: The Impact of EU Democratic Conditionality on Latvia, Slovakia and Turkey,” Journal of Common Market Studies 41, no. 3 (2003): 495–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 12.
    Hans-Georg Wieck, “The OSCE and the Council of Europe in Conflict with the Lukashenko Regime,” in The EU and Belarus: Between Moscow and Brussels, ed. Ann Lewis, 261–75 ( London: Federal Trust for Education and Research, 2002 ).Google Scholar
  4. 17.
    S¸tefan Ciobanu, Basarabia. Populatia, istoria, cultura (Chis¸inâu: Editura S¸tiint¸a; Bucures¸ti: Editura Clio, 1992), 25.Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    Charles King, “The Ambivalence of Authenticity, or How the Moldovan Language Was Made,” Slavic Review 58, no. 1 (1999): 117–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 24.
    Oleg Serebian, “‘Good Brothers,’ Bad Neighbours: Romanian/ Moldovan Relations,” in The EU and Moldova: On a Fault Line of Europe, ed. Ann Lewis, 149–53 ( London: Federal Trust for Education and Research, 2004 ).Google Scholar
  7. 27.
    Claus Neukirch, “Moldova’s Eastern Dimension,” in The EU and Moldova: On a Fault Line of Europe, ed. Ann Lewis, 133–43 ( London: Federal Trust for Education and Research, 2004 ), 136.Google Scholar
  8. 40.
    K. Featherstone and C. Radaelli, eds., The Politics of Europeanization ( Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003 );Google Scholar
  9. Maria Cowles, James Caporaso, and Thomas Risse, Transforming Europe: Europeanization and Domestic Change ( Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2001 ).Google Scholar
  10. 45.
    Ian Manners, “Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms?” Journal of Common Market Studies 40, no. 2 (2002): 235–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 50.
    Jeffrey Checkel, “Why Comply? Social Learning and European Identity Change,” International Organization 55, no. 3 (2001): 553–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 51.
    Hugh Miller and Charles Fox, “The Epistemic Community,” Administration & Society 32, no. 6 (2001): 668–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 52.
    Oliver Schmidtke, “Immigration Policy in Europe: A Challenge to Established Forms of Multi-Level Governance,” in European Governance: Policy Making between Politicization and Control, ed. G. Walzenbach, 127–46 ( Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2006 ).Google Scholar
  14. 53.
    Ion Stâvilâ, “Moldova between East and West: A Paradigm of Foreign Affairs,” in The EU and Moldova: On a Fault Line of Europe, ed. Ann Lewis (London: Federal Trust for Education and Research, 2004 ), 127Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Oliver Schmidtke and Serhy Yekelchyk, eds. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oliver Schmidtke
  • Constantin Chira-Pascanut

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations