Islam, Authoritarianism, and Female Empowerment: What Are the Linkages?
Even controlling for many other alleged influences on countries’ political systems, countries with a largely Islamic religious tradition have significantly more autocratic governments than do non-Islamic countries.
Controlling for level of economic development, the condition of women is significantly worse in Islamic countries than in others.
In a more limited test, even when controlling for economic development and Islamic tradition, a low level of women’s rights may produce lower levels of democracy.
More speculatively, Islamic states may be more autocratic so as to repress women’s rights more effectively, or autocratic government may permit and even require the repression of a range of human rights, including those of women.
KeywordsArab Country Islamic Country Arab State Islamic State Autocratic Government
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